Ecuador

National Assembly

Specialized body - Human rights

Commission on Collective Rights and Interculturality
(May 2017)

About

Nature
Permanent

Members

Number of members
All MembersBelow 45 years of age
Total98
Men54
Women44
See historical data for this field.

Chairperson(s)

Chair 1
José Fernando Cabascango Collaguazo
Chairperson: Sex
Male
Date of birth
14 Nov 1979
See historical data for this field.

Committee functions

Committee functions
Mainstream human rights into the work of (other) parliamentary committees and of Parliament as a whole
No
Scrutinise all Bills for their compatibility with human rights
No
Scrutinise the Executive’s policy for compatibility with human rights
No
Obtain information from the Executive about the justification for actions or inaction which affect human rights
Yes
Scrutinise State compliance with existing UN human rights treaties
Yes
Initiate inquiries of its own choosing
Yes
Scrutinise proposed human rights treaties, and other international treaties with implications for human rights, and report to Parliament thereon, prior to ratification
Yes
Ascertain and review the Executive’s reasons for not acceding to or ratifying existing international human rights treaties
No
Scrutinise the Executive’s response to judgments of national, regional and international courts with implications for human rights
Yes
Monitor the adequacy of the existing national system for the protection of human rights
Yes
Review the allocation and expenditure of funds in the State budget to support measures to promote and protect human rights
Yes
Other important functions, please specify
The Commission covers"legislative issues and initiatives on constitutional guarantees, missing persons, collective rights of indigenous communities, peoples and nationalities, Afro-Ecuadorian peoples, Montubio people and communes, human rights issues of priority groups (except children and adolescents), and requests for amnesty and pardons on humanitarian grounds” (Organic Law on the Legislative Function, Art. 21).

Committee involvement in international human rights reporting mechanisms

Committee involvement in international human rights reporting mechanisms
Consulted in the preparation of national report to the UN Human Rights Council
No
Included in the official delegation which orally presented the most recent national report to the Council
No
Discussed the conclusions and recommendations which the Council adopted as a result
No
Conducted hearings with the Executive about its plans to implement these conclusions and recommendations
Yes

Committee powers

The Committee has the power to:
Propose amendments to legislation
Yes
Introduce bills into Parliament
Yes
Initiate parliamentary debates on its reports or on subjects of its choosing
Yes
Carry out inquiries
Yes
Hold oral evidence hearings
Yes
Compel witnesses to attend
No
Compel the production of documents and papers
Yes
Make recommendations to the Executive
No
Conduct visits, including visits abroad
Yes
Access places of detention without notice
No

Committee working methods

The Committee:
Adopts an annual or longer-term work plan
Yes
Publishes reports on its work on the parliamentary website
Yes
Usually reaches consensus on the issues on which it reports
Yes
Systematically follows up its reports and recommendations
Yes
Reports regularly to Parliament on its activities
Yes
Number of specialised staff to service committee
5

Cooperation and coordination

The Committee regularly cooperates and coordinates (e.g. through sharing of reports; meetings; joint follow-up action) with:
Other parliamentary committees
Often
Civil society organisations
Always
National Human Rights Institution(s) Often called “Commissions” and/or “Ombudspersons” in the area of human rights
Often
Academic institutions, including research institutes on human rights and the rule of law
Often
The media
Sometimes