Egypt

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
11.08.2020 to 09.09.2020
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.08.2025
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
200
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
897
Notes
797 candidates, including 91 women, for the 100 seats to be filled under the majority system, and one list comprising 100 candidates (which was elected unopposed)

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The Mostaqbal Watan party (Future of the Nation, which supports President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi) took over 140 of the 200 seats at stake in the first elections to the 300-member Senate, a newly created upper chamber (see note). Mostaqbal Watan led the 11-party National Unified List, which was elected unopposed. The People's Republican Party, Al-Wafd and independents took six seats each. The Senate elections were held amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Turnout was low: only 14.23 per cent of 63 million eligible voters turned out at the first round of elections, and 10.22 per cent of 28.8 million eligible voters turned out in the second round. In all, 20 women were elected. 

On 17 October, President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi appointed 100 senators, including 20 women. The appointed members also included two members of the Salafist Nour party, which had failed to secure any seats in the Senate. On 18 October, the Senate held its first session and elected the former head of the Supreme Constitutional Court, Abdel Wahab Abdel Razeq (Mostaqbal Watan), as its President.

Note:
Between 1980 and 2013, the Egyptian Parliament was bicameral, comprising the People's Assembly (lower chamber) and the Shoura Assembly (upper chamber). The Shoura Assembly elected in 2012 was dissolved by the Army in 2013. The Constitution adopted in December 2012 retained a bicameral parliament but no parliamentary elections were held under that Constitution. The Constitution adopted in January 2014 provided for a unicameral parliament comprising only the House of Representatives. The newest Constitution, adopted in April 2019, provides for a bicameral parliament comprising the House of Representatives and the Senate. Article 250 of the Constitution states the number of Senate seats must be no less than 180 but does not set a maximum number. 

On 17 June 2020, the House of Representatives adopted a bill establishing the Senate, which was ratified by President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi on 2 July. The law provides for a 300-member Senate comprising: 
- 100 senators elected under a majority system from 27 constituencies in two rounds;
- 100 senators elected under a proportional representation system (using closed party lists) from four constituencies;
- 100 senators appointed by the President. 
Under the same law, at least 10 per cent of senators (30) should be women.
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
180
Number of women elected
20
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
10%
Other notes
Note on the election dates:
Senate elections were held on 11-12 August (first round) and on 8-9 September (second round).
Women Directly Elected
20
Women Appointed
20

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
260
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
40
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
18.10.2020
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Abdel Wahab Abdel Razeq (Male)
Date of election
18.10.2020