El Salvador

Legislative Assembly

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Mario Antonio Ponce López (Male)
Year of birth
1963
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary General
Noel Orellana (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 4 Sep. 2014.

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
56
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
28
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
33.33% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members
Click for historical data
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
René Gustavo Escalante Zelaya (Male)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
75
Oldest member
José Rafael Machuca (Male)

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Legislated candidate quotas. Political parties must include in their candidate lists for elections to the Legislative Assembly at least 30% women candidates.
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1939
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Women’s right to stand for election
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1961
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1961
Parliamentary bodies > Caucuses

Women

Caucus name
Grupo Parlamentario de Mujeres de la Asamblea Legislativa (GPM)
Date of creation
01.2009
Formal or informal
Formal
The caucus is cross-party
Yes
Notes
The Committee on Women and Gender Equality is responsible for studying and proposing to the Plenary law reforms and proposals that seek to improve the situation of women in El salvador. The Gender Unit is responsible for providing technical support on legal matters to the Women's Parliamentary Group and the Women's Committee.
There are rules governing the functioning of the caucus
Yes
Issues dealt with by the caucus
The GPM has worked to mainstream the gender perspective into the laws promoted by the National Assembly, and specific laws have been created to address the historical demands of women in order to guarantee their rights in conditions of equality and non-discrimination.

The following laws that defend women's rights were approved due to the support of the GPM:

-Special Comprehensive Law for a Life without Violence for Women,
-The Law on Equality, Equity and Eradication of Discrimination against Women in El Salvador, in March 2011.

Additionally:
-The first General National Budget with a Gender Focus was approved.
-The GPM managed to influence the labeling of budget items through Legislative Decree number 67 of November 2009, which included positive actions in favor of women in the Salvadoran Institute for the Development of Women (ISDEMU).
-Budget allocations of a minimum of 40% for education were established in the area of literacy in favor of women.
-Funds were allocated for cytology and mammography programes.
-In the Fund for the Protection of Persons Disabled and Handicapped as a Result of the Armed Conflict, women benefited from 50% of the resources allocated to social and productive reintegration projects.
The caucus has a strategic plan or plan of action
Yes
The caucus has a communication plan
Yes
Caucus contact details