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Estonia

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The Estonian Parliament

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Henn Põlluaas (Male)
Year of birth
1960
Additional information
Elected on 4 April 2019.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary General
Peep Jahilo (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
15 July 2017 - 14 July 2022

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
71
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
30
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
29.7% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members
Not available
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Kalle Palling (Male)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
71
Oldest member
Paul-Eerik Rummo (Male)
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
65
Total per sex
Total of male
81
Total of female
20
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
2
31-40
22
41-45
12
46-50
16
51-60
29
61-70
19
71-80
1
81-90
0
91 and over
0
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 2 22 12 16 29 19 1 0 0
Total <= 45: 36 Total >= 46: 65
Male 0 1 19 9 12 23 16 1 0 0 81
Female 0 1 3 3 4 6 3 0 0 0 20
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger1.98%0.99%0.99%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger23.76%19.8%3.96%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger35.64%28.71%6.93%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Date of independence For countries that become independent after 1940
1991
Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1918
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
When Estonia was first independent, in 1918, women were granted the right to vote (by the Election law of the Constituent Assembly). Under Soviet administration, women qually had the right to vote and this right was confirmed at independence in 1990.
Women’s right to stand for election
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1918
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1920
Parliamentary bodies > Caucuses

Women

Caucus name
Women's Union (1998-01)
Date of creation
01.1998
Formal or informal
Informal
The caucus is open to male MPs
No
The caucus is cross-party
No
Notes
All female parlamentarians belong to a women's union. These unions have no formal leaders and are chaired on rotating basis.
There are rules governing the functioning of the caucus
No
Issues dealt with by the caucus
- Ending violence against women and children, training on gender-responsive budgeting, pay gap problems, etc. According to the OSCE study on women MPs, " As the Union does not receive funding from the Estonian Parliament, it has mainly focused on advocacy work on women, family, and children’s issues, in partnership with civil society organizations, universities and research centres, focusing on the promotion of public debates on gender-related issues rather than directly influencing policy and legislation. Research papers and studies are also commissioned from university centres and civil society institutes. An example of this co-operation is a recent initiative, jointly organized with the NGO ETNA Eestimaal (funded by the Open Estonia Foundation), to support small businesses for women in rural areas of the country. Although this will not necessarily result in any legislative change, this co-operation has resulted in the betterment of the lives of women members of the electorate" (A Comparative Study of Structures for Women MPs in the OSCE Region, 2013) - Low birth rate problems, family violence, etc. - Women and technology, youth recreation activities, hate speech against women, boys' dropout rate from school, etc.
The caucus has a strategic plan or plan of action
No
The caucus has a communication plan
No
Caucus contact details