New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Estonia

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The Estonian Parliament

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
01.03.2015
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
24.03.2015
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
05.03.2023
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
101
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
872
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
636
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
236
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
27.06%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
10

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
899,793
Votes Number of people who actually voted
577,910
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
64.23%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
Prime Minister Taavi Rõivas' Reform Party remained the largest force with 30 seats in the 101-member parliament. It won three more seats than Centre Party, which draws support from Russian-speaking Estonians. On 9 April, the Reform Party formed a coalition government with the Estonian Social Democratic Party (SDE, a partner in the previous coalition) and the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union (IRL, a new partner), thereby controlling 59 seats. 35-year old Rõivas, who succeeded Mr. Andrus Ansip as Prime Minister in March 2014, is the youngest head of government in the European Union. The ongoing conflict in Ukraine placed national security at the centre of the election campaign, with some parties advocating for the country's membership of NATO. Other electoral issues included the minimum wage, child benefits and tax reform. At the opening of the new Parliament, President Toomas Hendrik Ilves underscored the need for a "national defence system built on solidarity and encompassing all of society".
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
6
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
60%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
29.7%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Not applicable
Note on the alternation of power
The composition of the government changed before the 2015 elections.
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
3
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Reform Party, Estonian Social Democratic Party (SDE) and Pro Patria and Res Publica Union (IRL)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Reform Party 30
Centre Party 27
Estonian Social Democratic Party (SDE) 15
Pro Patria and Res Publica Union (IRL) 14
Free Party (EV) 8
Conservative People's Party (EKRE) 7
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
77
Number of women elected
24
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
23.76%
Sources
Parliament (13.04.2015, 01.01.2017) Estonian National Electoral Committee
Women Directly Elected
24

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
77
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
24
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
30.03.2015
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Eiki Nestor (Male)
Political party
Estonian Social Democratic Party (SDE)
Date of election
30.03.2015