The Estonian Parliament

Specialized body - Women's caucus

Women's Union
(January 1998)


Formal or informal
The caucus is open to male MPs
The caucus is cross-party
All female parlamentarians belong to a women's union. These unions have no formal leaders and are chaired on rotating basis.
There are rules governing the functioning of the caucus


Issues dealt with by the caucus
- Ending violence against women and children, training on gender-responsive budgeting, pay gap problems, etc.

According to the OSCE study on women MPs, " As the Union does not receive funding from the Estonian Parliament, it has mainly focused on advocacy work on women, family, and children’s issues, in partnership with civil society organizations, universities and research centres, focusing on the promotion of public debates on gender-related issues rather than directly influencing policy and legislation. Research papers and studies are also commissioned from university centres and civil society institutes. An example of this co-operation is a recent initiative, jointly organized with the NGO ETNA Eestimaal (funded by the Open Estonia Foundation), to support small businesses for women in rural areas of the country. Although this will not necessarily result in any legislative change, this co-operation has resulted in the betterment of the lives of women members of the electorate" (A Comparative Study of Structures for Women MPs in the OSCE Region, 2013)
- Low birth rate problems, family violence, etc.
- Women and technology, youth recreation activities, hate speech against women, boys' dropout rate from school, etc.
The caucus has a strategic plan or plan of action
The caucus has a communication plan