Estonia

The Estonian Parliament

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
When the election results are declared
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Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
End of the parliamentary mandate
Notes
Mandate ends when the election results of the new chamber are declared.

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
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Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State The Speaker often has a very high rank in the protocollary hierarchy of the State.
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity In some countries, the Speaker acts as interim Head of State when required by the circumstances, such as death or incapacity.
Yes
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
No
Speaker terms
The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house The term of the Speaker may be different from the term of the House (legislature).
No
Speaker's term The term may be shorter than one year.
1 Year
Fixed election date for the Speaker, if any Speakers in several parliaments are elected on a fixed date in accordance with the Constitution.
March

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Yes, except for flagrant delicto
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Notes
criminal charges may be brought against mps only on the proposal of the legal chancellor, and with the consent of the majority of the membership of the riigikogu. cf. article 76 of the constitution.
There is a Code of conduct for members

Salaries and allowances

Basic salary
51,000 (2020)
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Basic allowances
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Members pay income tax on salaries Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
No
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament Certain parliaments allow MPs to exercise other remunerated employment outside parliament.
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament In certain countries, MPs exercising other employment may be required to declare their income.
No
List of the other allowances provided for constituency work
A housing allowance may be provided to members, upon their request, if they reside outside Tallinn (or local governments bordering on Tallinn), in the amount of 20 per cent of the basic salary.
Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work
Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian The personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian is different from parliamentary staff work for the secretariat of Parliament.
Office at parliament
Constituency office Certain countries provide for an office at constituency if it’s different from a seat of parliament, which is often in the capital. The office at constituency is applicable mainly to the countries using the Plurality/Majority system of elections.
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work The common in-kind allowances for constituency work include those for travel, overnight stay, etc.
No
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker yes
Committee Chair yes
Other leadership positions that receive additional salaries or allowances Some parliaments provides for additional salaries or allowances to the Deputy Speaker/Vice President, heads of parliamentary groups, etc.
Speaker of the Riigikogu - 78,461 euro
Deputy Speaker of the Riigikogu - 66,692 euro
Chair of Riigikogu Committee - 66,692 euro
Chair of Riigikogu faction - 66,692 euro
Vice-Chair of Riigikogu faction - 58,846 euro
Parliament determines the amount of salaries Some parliaments determine the amount of salaries of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
No
Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount This question is only relevant if the amount is set by other institution than parliament.
Determined by the Salaries of Higher State Servants Act
Parliament determines the amount of allowances Some parliaments determine the amount of allowances of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
No
Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount This question is only relevant if the amount is set by other institution than parliament.
Determined by the Salaries of Higher State Servants Act
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale In some countries, the amount of parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale, such as civil service salary scale, ministerial salary or the minimum wage of the country.
Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries: Civil service salary scale; Ministerial salary; Minimum wage; Other (please specify)
Other (please specify)
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Notes
Determined by the Salaries of Higher State Servants Act. The salary of higher state servants is the highest salary rate specified in § 2 of this Act multiplied by the factor specified in § 3. The highest salary rate specified in § 2 of this Act is indexed by 1 April each calendar year with the highest salary rate index the value of which is dependent 20% on the annual increase in the consumer price index and 80% on the annual increase in the receipt of the pension insurance part of social tax.
The data valid for the year
2020
Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website Certain parliaments publish the information on MPs’ salaries and allowances on parliamentary website. The amount of information may vary from one parliament to the other.
Not avaialble.
Amount of allowances received by each member
No

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other
Cannot be a member of parliament
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