New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Fiji

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Parliament

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
17.09.2014
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
05.12.2006
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Delayed elections
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.11.2022
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
50
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
247
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
203
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
44
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
17.81%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
7

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
591,101
Votes Number of people who actually voted
496,364
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
83.97%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The 2014 elections were the first to be held since a military coup in 2006, which was the fourth since the country's independence in 1970. The coup was led by the Commander of the Fijian Military Forces Mr. Voreqe (Frank) Bainimarama, who subsequently became interim Prime Minister. His FijiFirst party won an outright majority in the elections, taking 32 of 50 seats in the new unicameral Parliament. On 22 September, President Epeli Nailatikau swore in Mr. Bainimarama as Prime Minister. The convening of Parliament on 6 October ended an eight-year transitional period. Two opposition parties entered Parliament: the Social Democratic Liberal Party (Sodelpa, 15 seats) and the National Federation Party (NFP, three). In all, eight women were elected. The Sodelpa and the NFP, along with three other parties that failed to pass the 5-per-cent threshold to win parliamentary representation, contested the election results, claiming voting irregularities. A group of some 90 international observers said the elections were "credible". During the election campaigning, FijiFirst ran on the interim government's record, citing economic growth and lower personal and corporate and taxes. Sodelpa, led by Ms. Ro Teimumu Kepa, promised to work for peace, stability and economic prosperity, adding that Fiji's progress must be founded on "the rule of law, parliamentary democracy, equity, and social justice for all our people". NFP leader Mr. Biman Prasad presented Vision 2030, promising to reach a standard of living equal to that of New Zealand by 2030. In 2006, the coup leaders dismissed the government led by Prime Minister Laesenia Qarase. President Ratu Josefa Iloilo dissolved then bicameral Parliament, comprising the 71-member House of Representatives and the 32-member Senate. Parliamentary elections were initially scheduled for March 2009. However, in June 2008 Mr. Bainimarama said they would be postponed, due mainly to delays in reforms to the electoral system. He subsequently announced that the elections would be held in 2014, under a new constitution. In April 2009, the Appeals Court ruled that the dismissal of Mr. Qarase and his cabinet and the dissolution of parliament were "unlawful and in breach of the Constitution" and ordered President Iloilo to appoint a new prime minister. The President instead repealed the 1997 Constitution, dismissed the judges and re-appointed Mr. Bainimarama as interim Prime Minister. The latter announced that new elections would be held under a new constitution. In November 2009, Mr. Nailatikau was sworn in President, succeeding Mr. Iloilo who had retired in July. In August 2013, the interim government published the final version of the new Constitution, which was signed into law by President Nailatikau the following month. In March 2014, Mr. Bainimarama resigned as head of the military to run in the parliamentary elections in which Fijians over 18 old, instead of 21 previously, were able to vote. The new Parliament will serve a four-year term, instead of five years previously.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
3
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
42.86%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
64%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Not applicable
Note on the alternation of power
The previous government was ousted by a coup.
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
1
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
FijiFirst
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
FijiFirst 32
Social Democratic Liberal Party (Soldelpa) 15
National Federation Party (NFP) 3
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
42
Number of women elected
8
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
16%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
Eight women were elected in the 2014 elections. One of them, Ms. Jiko Luveni, vacated her parliamentary seat, upon her election as Speaker of Parliament in October. The number of women was thus reduced to seven out of 50 members.
Sources
Parliament (04.08.2015) Fijian Elections Office (30.09.2014) FijiFirst
Women Directly Elected
8

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
42
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
8
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
42
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
06.10.2014
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Jiko Luveni (Female)
Political party
FijiFirst
Date of election
06.10.2014