New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Finland

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Parliament

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
14.04.2019
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
17.04.2019
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.04.2023
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
200
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
2,468
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
1,432
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
1,036
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
41.98%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
19

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
4,255,466
Votes Number of people who actually voted
3,070,080
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
72.14%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The Social Democratic Party (SDP), led by former Finance Minister Antti Rinne, became the largest party in the 200-member Parliament, taking 40 seats; nine more than Prime Minister Juha Sipila’s Centre Party (KESK), which had led a three-party coalition (see note 1). A record 94 women were elected. On 6 June, Parliament approved Mr. Rinne’s five-party coalition government (see note 2), who thereby became the first SDP Prime Minister since 16 years ago. His 19-member Cabinet, comprising 11 women, pledged to make the nation of 5.5 million “a sustainable society socially, economically and ecologically”. Later on the same day, President Sauli Niinistő officially appointed the Cabinet. During the election campaign, the major parties focused on climate change, healthcare and welfare reforms. The SDP promised to boost public spending by some Euro 1.2 billion, so as to allot more budgets for education, infrastructure investments, social services and the military. Note 1: The outgoing government comprised the KESK, the Finns Party (PS) and the National Coalition Party (KOK). Note 2: The new Cabinet comprises the SDP, the KESK, the Green League (Vihr), the Left Alliance (Vas) and the Swedish People’s Party (RKP).
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
8
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
42.11%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
20%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
5
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Social Democratic Party (SDP), Center Party (KESK), Green League (Vihr), Left Alliance (Vas) and Swedish People's Party (RKP)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Center Party (KESK) 31
The Finns Party (PS) 39
National Coalition Party (KOK) 38
Social Democratic Party (SDP) 40
Green League (Vihr) 20
Left Alliance (Vas) 16
Swedish People's Party (RKP) 9
Christian Democrats (KD) 5
Others 2
Sources
Parliament (23.04.2019, 26.04.2019, 18.06.2019) Ministry of Justice, Finland (28.11.2019) https://tulospalvelu.vaalit.fi/EKV-2019/en/lasktila.html https://www.parliament.fi/EN/tiedotteet/Pages/confirmed-election-results-2019.aspx https://www.parliament.fi/ AP euronews.com https://finland.fi
Women Directly Elected
94

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
106
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
94
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
24.04.2019
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Matti Vanhanen (Male)
Political party
Center Party (KESK)
Date of election
07.06.2019