Finland

Parliament

Law-making

Data on parliament’s law-making role and activities

Legislative activity

Number of laws adopted by parliament, per year
188 (2023)
See historical data for this field.
Notes For some parliaments, data can not be presented on an annual basis, for example because parliamentary sessions run from April to March of the following year. In such cases, the period to which the data corresponds is specified here.
Figures correspond to the parliamentary year, not the calendar year, e.g. from 5 April 2023 to 5 February 2024.
Total number of laws adopted by Parliament in the previous legislature
3,149 (2023)
See historical data for this field.
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by parliament
19 (2023)
See historical data for this field.
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by the government
3,130 (2023)
See historical data for this field.
Dates of the previous legislature
17.04.2019 to 04.04.2023
See historical data for this field.

Executive-legislative relations

Legislation adopted by parliament requires the assent of the Head of State In some countries, the Constitution foresees that legislation adopted by parliament must be signed into law by the Head of State. If so, the Head of State may, for example, have the power to veto the legislation, return it to parliament, or submit it to another body such as a constitutional court.
Yes
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Constitution, section 77
Number of times the Head of State declined to give assent to legislation, per year
(2023)
See historical data for this field.
Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation: Not applicable; No further action is taken. The legislation is rejected; The legislation is returned to Parliament for re-examination; The legislation is referred to the Constitutional/Supreme Court;The legislation is put to a referendum; Other (please specify)
The legislation is returned to Parliament for re-examination
Not applicable. The Head of State cannot decline to give assent to legislation adopted by parliament
No
Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree: Not applicable; Parliament; Head of State; Constitutional/Supreme Court; Other (please specify)
Existence of a procedure to introduce emergency legislation
Click for historical data
See historical data for this field.
Not applicable. There is no procedure to introduce emergency legislation.
No