New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

France

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Senate

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theNational Assembly

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Parlement (Parliament)
Chamber name
Sénat (Senate)
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Upper chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
6

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1889
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Twelve Plus Group

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Président du Sénat
Speaker
Gérard Larcher (Male)
Year of birth
1949
Term
01.10.2014
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Secretary General of the Senate
Secretary General
Jean-Louis Schroedt-Girard (Male)
Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Secretary General of the Questor's office
Secretary General
Marianne Bay (Female)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 7 Nov. 2018.

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Indirectly elected members Indirectly elected, for example by regional parliaments or an electoral college.
348
Note on the statutory number of members
Indirect election by popularly chosen departmental electoral colleges.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
348
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
236
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
112
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
32.18% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
64,457
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
69,683 See historical data for this field.

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature.

 

Average age of all members
Not available
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Cécile Cukierman (Female)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
89
Oldest member
Paul Vergès (Male)
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 0 3 8 12 70 167 77 7 0
Total <= 45: 11 Total >= 46: 333
Male 0 0 2 2 10 44 131 69 6 0 264
Female 0 0 1 6 2 26 36 8 1 0 80
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger0%0%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger0.87%0.58%0.29%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger3.2%1.16%2.03%
Members for whom data is available
344

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
The principle of equal access is enshrined in the Constitution. Adjustment of public financial assistance to parties according to the electoral standing they accord to women. The law provides for alternation between male and female candidates on the electoral lists.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.