New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Germany

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Federal Council

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theGerman Bundestag

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Chamber name
Bundesrat (Federal Council)
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Upper chamber

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1890-01 to 1913-01
from 1921-01 to 1932-01
from 1951-01
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Twelve Plus Group

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
President of the Federal Council
Speaker
Daniel Günther (Male)
Year of birth
1973
Term
01.11.2018 to 31.10.2019
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Secretary General
Secretary general
Ute Rettler (Female)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
1 April 2015 -

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Appointed members Appointed, for example, by the Head of State.
69
Note on the statutory number of members
Appointed by local länder governments.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
69
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
42
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
27
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
39.13% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
667 See historical data for this field.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
81,708
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
122,501 See historical data for this field.

Age

Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 0 32 31 42 57 11 0 0 0
Total <= 45: 63 Total >= 46: 110
Male 0 0 17 22 26 37 6 0 0 0 108
Female 0 0 15 9 16 20 5 0 0 0 65
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger0%0%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger18.5%9.83%8.67%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger36.42%22.54%13.87%
Members for whom data is available
173

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.