Germany

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Chamber name
Deutscher Bundestag (German Bundestag)
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1890 to 1913
from 1921 to 1932
from 1951
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Twelve Plus Group

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
President of the German Bundestag
Speaker
Bärbel Bas (Female)
Year of birth
1968
Term
26.10.2021
Additional information
Elected on 26 Oct. 2021.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Secretary General
Secretary General
Lorenz Müller (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
1 August 2020 -

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected members Directly elected by citizens.
736
Note on the statutory number of members
In addition to the 598 statutory members, there are 138 extra seats, including 34 overhang seats (Überhangmandate).
See historical data for this field.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
736
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
479
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
257
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
34.92% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
667 See historical data for this field.
Population (in thousands)
Click for historical data
See historical data for this field.

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature.

 

Average age of all members Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
47.30
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Emilia Fester (Female)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
80
Oldest member
Dr. Alexander Gauland (Male)
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 65 148 96 118 223 80 6 0 0
Total <= 45: 309 Total >= 46: 427
Male 0 40 79 62 86 147 59 6 0 0 479
Female 0 25 69 34 32 76 21 0 0 0 257
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger8.83%5.43%3.4%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger28.94%16.17%12.77%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger41.98%24.59%17.39%
Members for whom data is available
736 See historical data for this field.

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Voluntary political party quotas.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.