New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Germany

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German Bundestag

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theFederal Council

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
24.09.2017
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
24.10.2017
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.09.2021
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
709
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
4,828
Notes
Number of seats at stake: 709, including 46 overhang seats (Überhangmandate) and 65 balance seats (Ausgleichsmandate). Number of candidates: 4,828 : 1,674 candidates ran under both majority and proportional representation (PR ) systems. In addition, 2,269 candidates ran only under the PR and 885 others stood only for the majority system.
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
3,428
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
1,400
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
29%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
48
Notes
Number of parties contesting the election: 48. 34 parties fielded candidates under the proportional representation system. In addition 14 more parties ran under the Majority system.

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
61,688,485
Votes Number of people who actually voted
46,976,341
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
76.15%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
Chancellor Angela Merkel's Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and its sister party the Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU), remained the largest parliamentary group, taking 246 seats in the 709-member German Bundestag (see note). The CDU/CSU's coalition partner in the outgoing government, the Social Democratic Party (SPD, led by former European Parliament President Martin Schulz), came second. The populist Alternative for Germany (AfD) entered the German Bundestag for the first time, becoming the third largest party. The newly elected legislature convened on 24 October and elected former Minister of Finance Wolfgang Schäuble (CDU) as new Speaker. He succeeded Mr. Norbert Lammert (CDU), who didn't stand for re-election after 37 years in parliament. The major electoral issues in 2017 included immigration, the economy, euro zone reforms and climate change. Following the elections, the SPD leader announced that his party would join the opposition. Lengthy coalition talks followed. Initial talks involving the CDU/CSU, the Free Democratic Party (FDP, led by Mr. Christian Lindner,) and the Green Party (led by Ms. Simone Peter) collapsed on 19 November, plunging the country into an unprecedented political stalemate. On 19 December, the CDU and the SPD agreed to hold exploratory talks on forming a new government. On 14 March 2018, Prime Minister Merkel formed a new coalition government comprising the CDU/CSU and the SPD. Note: In Germany, if a party wins more seats in the majority system (the first vote) than the results of the proportional representation system (second vote) would normally entitle it to, it can keep the additional seats, called "overhang seats" (Überhangmandate). Based on the 2013 amendments to the Federal Electoral Act, in cases where some parties obtain overhang seats, "balance seats" (Ausgleichsmandate) are added to other parties in order to ensure complete proportionality of the share of votes for all parties nationwide. In 2017, the CDU and CSU won a total of 43 overhang seats and the SPD, three (thus there are 46 overhang seats in all). Seven parties (instead of five in 2013) entered the Bundestag. The entry of two more parties in 2017 required more balance seats, for a total of 65 seats. The 2017 legislature thus comprises 111 more members than the statutory 598 seats, or 709 in all. In comparison, the 2013 legislature comprised 631 members in all (including four overhang seats and 29 balance seats).
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
7
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
14.58%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
28.21%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
2
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Social Democratic Party (SPD)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total Overhang seats Balance seats
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 200 36 0
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 153 3 19
Alternative for Germany (AfD) 94 0 11
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 80 0 15
Left Party (Die Linke) 69 0 10
Green Party 67 0 10
Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU) 46 7 0
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
491
Number of women elected
218
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
30.75%
Sources
Bundestag allemand (29.09.2017, 25.10.2017) The Federal Returning Officer Deutsche Welle The Economist CNBC
Women Directly Elected
218

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
491
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
218
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
262
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
24.10.2017
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Wolfgang Schäuble (Male)
Political party
Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
Date of election
24.10.2017