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Germany

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Federal Council

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theGerman Bundestag

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
Notes
Members are not elected but appointed. cf. Article 51 of the Basic Law.
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
At the time of appointment
End of the parliamentary mandate
Notes
No set term. Mandate ends on the day when the Land cabinet so decides or when the Member ceases to be a Member of the Land cabinet. Cf. Article 51 of the Basic Law.

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
Compare data of this field.
Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State The Speaker often has a very high rank in the protocollary hierarchy of the State.
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity In some countries, the Speaker acts as interim Head of State when required by the circumstances, such as death or incapacity.
Yes
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
Yes
Speaker terms
Speaker's term The term may be shorter than one year.
1 Year
Fixed election date for the Speaker, if any Speakers in several parliaments are elected on a fixed date in accordance with the Constitution.
1 November

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
There is a Code of conduct for members

Salaries and allowances

Basic salary
Not available
See historical data for this field.
Notes
There are no salaries for the members of Bundesrat since they are members of State Governments. Instead, members are paid an attendance fee for each day of participation in a session of the Bundesrat.
Attendance allowance Amount of the attendance allowance in national currency.
60
Periodicity of attendance allowance Attendance allowances may for example be paid by day, month, year or session.
Day
Members pay income tax on salaries Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
No
Members pay income tax on allowances Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
No
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament Certain parliaments allow MPs to exercise other remunerated employment outside parliament.
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament In certain countries, MPs exercising other employment may be required to declare their income.
Yes
Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work
Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian The personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian is different from parliamentary staff work for the secretariat of Parliament.
Office at parliament
Constituency office Certain countries provide for an office at constituency if it’s different from a seat of parliament, which is often in the capital. The office at constituency is applicable mainly to the countries using the Plurality/Majority system of elections.
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work The common in-kind allowances for constituency work include those for travel, overnight stay, etc.
No
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker yes no
Committee Chair
Parliament determines the amount of salaries Some parliaments determine the amount of salaries of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
No
Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount This question is only relevant if the amount is set by other institution than parliament.
Representative Law of each Laender.
Parliament determines the amount of allowances Some parliaments determine the amount of allowances of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
The Bundesrat determines the amount of the allowances (see: Clauses on Allowances of the Members of the Bundesrat)
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale In some countries, the amount of parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale, such as civil service salary scale, ministerial salary or the minimum wage of the country.
Notes
These are determined by each Laender. Salaries for parliamentary staff is determined in reference to civil service salary scale; ministerial salary; and the minimum wage according to each Laender
Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website Certain parliaments publish the information on MPs’ salaries and allowances on parliamentary website. The amount of information may vary from one parliament to the other.
https://www.bundestag.de/en/members/remuneration

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other

Notes

Members of the Executive can be members of the Bundestag but not of the Bundesrat, each of whose members must hold the office of minister or premier in one of the 16 German states.
Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
Not available
See historical data for this field.