Ghana

Parliament

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
07.12.2020
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
06.01.2021
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.12.2024
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
275
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
17,027,641

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
President Nana Akufo-Addo's New Patriotic Party (NPP) ultimately retained a slim majority in the 275-member Parliament (see note 1). The Electoral Commission declared that Mr. Akufo-Addo had won the presidential elections held in parallel with the parliamentary elections. The National Democratic Congress (NDC), led by former President John Mahama, rejected the result and filed a case with the Supreme Court (which was dismissed on 4 March 2021).

On 7 January 2021, Mr. Alban Kingsford Sumana Bagbin (endorsed by the NDC, see note 2), narrowly defeated outgoing Speaker Mike Aaron Ocquaye in the speakership election. Mr. Bagbin thereby became the first Speaker in Ghana endorsed by the opposition. A brawl erupted during the speakership elections. Police and military forces stormed the parliament building. Later the same day, Mr. Akufo-Addo was sworn in for a second term as President.

The 2020 elections were held amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The major electoral issues included youth unemployment, security concerns and the effects of the pandemic on the economy. The elections saw rare violence in the country, seen as a bastion of democracy in West Africa. A total of eight lives, including three minors, were lost during the elections.

Note 1:
The New Patriotic Party (NPP) and the National Democratic Congress (NDC) took 137 seats each but the sole independent candidate joined the NPP, thereby giving the NPP a one-seat majority. The NPP had won 169 seats in 2016.

Note 2:
The Speaker may either be an incumbent Member of Parliament or anyone who is qualified to be elected as a Member of Parliament. Mr. Bagbin, the outgoing Second Deputy Speaker did not run for the 2020 elections. The Speaker does not automatically become a Member of Parliament and thus the number of members in the new legislature remains at 275.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
2
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
49.82%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Note on the alternation of power
Presidential system.
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
1
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
New Patriotic Party
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
New Patriotic Party (NPP) 137
National Democratic Congress (NDC) 137
Independents 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
235
Number of women elected
40
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
14.55%
Women Directly Elected
40

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
235
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
40
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
130
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
07.01.2021
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Alban Kingsford Sumana Bagbin (Male)
Political party
National Democratic Congress (NDC)
Date of election
07.01.2021