New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Guatemala

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Congress of the Republic

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Álvaro Enrique Arzú Escobar (Male)
Year of birth
1985
Additional information
Elected on 14 Jan. 2018, re-elected on 14 Jan. 2019.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary general
Luis Eduardo López (Male)

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men
Not available
See historical data for this field.
Women
Not available
See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members
Not available
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
93
Total per sex
Total of male
133
Total of female
15
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
5
31-40
22
41-45
28
46-50
29
51-60
46
61-70
17
71-80
1
81-90
0
91 and over
0
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 5 22 28 29 46 17 1 0 0
Total <= 45: 55 Total >= 46: 93
Male 0 5 21 25 25 40 16 1 0 0 133
Female 0 0 1 3 4 6 1 0 0 0 15
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger3.38%3.38%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger18.24%17.57%0.68%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger37.16%34.46%2.7%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Voluntary political party quotas.
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1946
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
According to the Electoral Law of 1946, suffrage was optional and secret for women, but obligatory for men. The 1956 Constitution made the vote obligatory for all literate women but maintained discrimination against illiterate women in that they could not stand for election. The 1965 Constitution extended the right to be elected to all citizens, yet the vote was still not compulsory for illiterate women.
Right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1985
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
The Constitution of 1985 extended the right to vote to all citizens and established equality between the sexes.
Women’s right to stand for election
Right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1946
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Detail of restrictions Stand for Election: Restrictions detail
Women must be literate in order to stand for election
Right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1965
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Stand for Election: Additional Notes on right to stand for election
According to the Electoral Law of 1946, suffrage was optional and secret for women, but obligatory for men. The 1956 Constitution made the vote obligatory for all literate women but maintained discrimination against illiterate women in that they could not stand for election. The 1965 Constitution extended the right to be elected to all citizens, yet the vote was still not compulsory for illiterate women.
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1954