New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Hungary

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National Assembly

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
08.04.2018
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.04.2022
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
199

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
1,796
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
1,314
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
482
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
No
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
26.84%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
23

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
8,312,173
Votes Number of people who actually voted
5,796,268
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
69.73%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
Prime Minister Viktor Orban's Hungarian Civic Union-Christian Democratic People's Party (FIDESZ-KDNP) retained its two-thirds majority in the 199-member National Assembly, and therefore the possibility to amend the Constitution on its own. The far-right Jobbik came in a distant second with 26 seats, followed by the Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) - Dialogue for Hungary (Párbeszéd) with 20 seats. Other parties took fewer than 10 seats.
 
 On 8 May, President Janos Ader tasked Mr. Orban with forming a new government. The newly elected National Assembly, convened later the same day, re-elected Mr. Orban as Prime Minister for a third consecutive term.
 
 The 2018 elections were the first to be held after refugee crisis in 2015 and subsequent EU plans to resettle asylum-seekers. In October 2016, a referendum rejecting the EU quota (whereby Hungary would have taken in 1,294 refugees) was invalidated due to a low turnout. The following month, the National Assembly rejected constitutional amendments that would have banned the settlement of refugees in the country. In December 2017, the European Commission took Hungary and two other EU members to the European Court of Justice over their failure to accept their required quotas for refugees. 
 
 During the 2018 election campaign, the Prime Minister focused again on migration, promising to protect Hungary from migrants. The FIDESZ-KDNP ran on its record, citing economic growth and lower unemployment, as well as keeping the budget deficit under control. The opposition parties criticized the FIDESZ-KDNP for having curtailed the powers of the constitutional court and increased state control over the media.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
7
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
30.43%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
66.83%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Hungarian Civic Union (FIDESZ) and Christian Democratic People's Party (KDNP)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Hungarian Civic Union-Christian Democratic People's Party (FIDESZ-KDNP) 133
Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik) 26
Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP)- Dialogue for Hungary (Párbeszéd) 20
Democratic Coalition (DK) 9
Politics Can Be Different (LMP) 8
Together (EGYÜTT) 1
Representative of the German minority living in Hungary 1
Independents 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
176
Number of women elected
23
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
11.56%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
In addition, of the 12 National Advocates representing national minorities living in Hungary 5 are women. 
Sources
National Assembly (09.05.2018, 18.05.2018, 15.06.2018) Választási Információs Szolgálat (National Election Office, 10.05.2018, 16.05.2018) Reuters AP News OSCE, Limited Election Observation Mission, 2018 Deutsche Welle
Women Directly Elected
23

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
176
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
23
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
38
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
08.05.2018
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
László Kövér (Male)
Political party
Hungarian Civic Union-Christian Democratic People's Party (FIDESZ-KDNP)
Date of election
08.05.2018