New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Iceland

-

Parliament

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
28.10.2017
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
27.10.2017
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Early election
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.10.2021
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
63
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
1,244
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
689
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
555
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
44.61%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
11

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
248,502
Votes Number of people who actually voted
201,777
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
81.2%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
Snap elections in 2017, held only one year after the previous elections, returned another fragmented Parliament. Prime Minister Bjarni Benediktsson's Independence Party (IP) remained the largest party in the 63-member Parliament, taking 16 seats, down from 21. Its coalition partner, the Reform Party also lost seats, taking four, while its former coalition partner, Bright Future, failed to win parliamentary representation. The Left-Green Movement (LGM), led by Ms. Katrín Jakobsdóttir (LGM), remained the second largest party. Former Prime Minister David Gunnlaugsson returned to parliament under the banner of the Centre Party, instead of the Progressive Party (PP). Fewer women were elected in 2017: 24 women (38.10%), down from 30 (47.62%) in 2016. After a few weeks of coalition talks with various partners, on 29 November, Ms. Katrín Jakobsdóttir (LGM) announced she would form a coalition government with the IP and the PP. Two LGM members did not support the coalition, meaning it controlled 33 seats in all. On 30 November, the new coalition government under Ms. Jakobsdóttir was sworn in. Mr. Benediktsson became the Finance Minister. The 2017 snap elections were triggered by the collapse of the coalition government, when Bright Future left the coalition citing a breach of confidence, following a scandal involving the Prime Minister's father. On 18 September, President Gudni Johannesson accepted Prime Minister Benediktsson's request to dissolve Parliament, paving the way for snap elections in October. During the election campaign, the major parties focused on the economy, promising to increase public spending. However, they differed on the method. The LGM, which also campaigned on a platform of restoring trust in government, said it would raise taxes on the wealthy, real estate and the fishing industry, while the IP said it would borrow money from the banking sector to fund infrastructure projects.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
8
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
72.73%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
25.4%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
3
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Left-Green Movement (LGM), Independence Party (IP), the Progressive Party (PP)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Independence Party (IP) 16
Left - Green Movement (LGM) 11
Progressive Party (PP) 8
Social Democratic Alliance (SDA) 7
Centre Party (CP) 7
Pirate Party 6
Reform Party 4
People's Party 4
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
39
Number of women elected
24
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
38.1%
Sources
Parliament (31.10.2017, 03.11.2017, 30.11.2017, 15.12.2017) Ministry of Justice (08.11.2017) Statistics Iceland OSCE/ODIHR Needs Assessment Mission Report 2018 Reuters Iceland Review Iceland Monitor Aljazeera
Women Directly Elected
24

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
39
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
24
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
14.12.2017
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Steingrímur J. Sigfússon (Male)
Political party
Left - Green Movement (LGM)
Date of election
14.12.2017