Iceland

Parliament

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
When the election results are declared
Compare data of this field.
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
End of the parliamentary mandate
On the day of new elections
Compare data of this field.

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
Compare data of this field.
Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State The Speaker often has a very high rank in the protocollary hierarchy of the State.
Notes
If the office of President of the Republic becomes vacant or if the President is unable to perform his duties due to a stay abroad, illness, or other reasons, the Prime Minister, the President of Althingi and the President of the Supreme Court shall exercise Presidential authority. The President of Althingi shall preside at their meetings and if there is a divergence of opinion among them, the majority shall prevail. (cf. Article 8 of the Constitution).
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity In some countries, the Speaker acts as interim Head of State when required by the circumstances, such as death or incapacity.
Yes
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
Yes
Speaker terms
Click for historical data
See historical data for this field.

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Yes, except for flagrant delicto
Compare data of this field.
Notes
in cases of flagrant delicto the parliament does not intervene and no action from parliament is needed in order for the case against an mp to proceed.
There is a Code of conduct for members

Salaries and allowances

Basic salary
14,046,828 (2020)
See historical data for this field.
Basic allowances
Click for historical data
See historical data for this field.
Names of the basic allowances
Annual fixed travel expenses and miscellaneous job expenses.
Members pay income tax on salaries Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
Yes
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament Certain parliaments allow MPs to exercise other remunerated employment outside parliament.
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament In certain countries, MPs exercising other employment may be required to declare their income.
No
List of the other allowances provided for constituency work
Housing allowance for MPs from rural constituencies; travel allowance for rural MPs who travel between residence and the parliament; meeting allowance for travel to meetings in other constituencies.

Some allowances are subject to income tax while others are not.
Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work
Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian The personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian is different from parliamentary staff work for the secretariat of Parliament.
Office at parliament
Constituency office Certain countries provide for an office at constituency if it’s different from a seat of parliament, which is often in the capital. The office at constituency is applicable mainly to the countries using the Plurality/Majority system of elections.
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work The common in-kind allowances for constituency work include those for travel, overnight stay, etc.
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker yes
Committee Chair yes
Other leadership positions that receive additional salaries or allowances Some parliaments provides for additional salaries or allowances to the Deputy Speaker/Vice President, heads of parliamentary groups, etc.
The additional amount received to the basic annual salary:

Speaker: 9,249,108 ISK
Deputy Speakers, parliamentary group chairpersons: 2,107,020 ISK
Political Party Chairperson: 7,023,420 ISK
First Deputy Committee Chair: 1,404,684 ISK
Second Deputy Committee Chair: 702,336 ISK
Parliament determines the amount of salaries Some parliaments determine the amount of salaries of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
In 2019, the parliament amended the law on MPs' salaries and set a fixed monthly salary for MPs. According to the legal amendments, the Statistical Office of Iceland will annually calculate adjustments to the salary that should correspond to the proportional change in the average salary of civil servants in the previous 12 months.
Parliament determines the amount of allowances Some parliaments determine the amount of allowances of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
The Speakers' Committee (Presidium).
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale In some countries, the amount of parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale, such as civil service salary scale, ministerial salary or the minimum wage of the country.
Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries: Civil service salary scale; Ministerial salary; Minimum wage; Other (please specify)
Civil service salary scale
Compare data of this field.
The data valid for the year
2020
Amount of allowances received by each member
Yes

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other
Can be a member of parliament
Compare data of this field.
Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
Click for historical data
See historical data for this field.