New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

India

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House of the People

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theCouncil of States

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Sansad (Parliament)
Chamber name
Lok Sabha (House of the People)
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
5

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1949-01
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Speaker of the Lok Sabha
Speaker
Om Birla (Male)
Year of birth
1962
Term
19.06.2019
Additional information
Elected on 19 June 2019.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Secretary General
Secretary general
Snehlata Shrivastava (Female)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 1st Dec. 2017.

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected members Directly elected by citizens.
543
Appointed members Appointed, for example, by the Head of State.
2
Note on the statutory number of members
Appointed members: Two members of the Anglo-Indian Community are nominated by the President. The Constitution provides that the House shall have a maximum of 552 members. Up to 530 members represent the states, up to 20 members represent the union territories and not more than two members of the Anglo-Indian Community are nominated by the President, if, in the President's opinion, that community is not adequately represented in the House.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
542
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
464
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
78
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
14.39% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
1,309,054
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
1,657,030 See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members
Not available
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 12 56 56 71 180 127 37 2 0
Total <= 45: 124 Total >= 46: 417
Male 0 7 41 46 61 170 118 34 2 0 479
Female 0 5 15 10 10 10 9 3 0 0 62
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger2.22%1.29%0.92%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger12.57%8.87%3.7%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger22.92%17.38%5.55%
Members for whom data is available
541

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Number of reserved seats, by group
Notes
84 seats are reserved for the Scheduled Castes, 47 seats for the Scheduled Tribes, and 2 seats for MPs representing the Anglo-Indian community.
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.