New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

India

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House of the People

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theCouncil of States

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Om Birla (Male)
Year of birth
1962
Additional information
Elected on 19 June 2019.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary General
Snehlata Shrivastava (Female)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 1st Dec. 2017.

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
464
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
78
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
14.39% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members
Not available
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
417
Total per sex
Total of male
479
Total of female
62
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
12
31-40
56
41-45
56
46-50
71
51-60
180
61-70
127
71-80
37
81-90
2
91 and over
0
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 12 56 56 71 180 127 37 2 0
Total <= 45: 124 Total >= 46: 417
Male 0 7 41 46 61 170 118 34 2 0 479
Female 0 5 15 10 10 10 9 3 0 0 62
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger2.22%1.29%0.92%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger12.57%8.87%3.7%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger22.92%17.38%5.55%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Elections > Election results

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
8,026

Results

Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
464
Number of women elected
78
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
14.36%
Number of women after election or renewal, by mode of designation
Women Directly Elected
78

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
464
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
78
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Om Birla (Male)
Political party
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
Date of election
19.06.2019
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Date of independence For countries that become independent after 1940
1947
Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1937
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Detail of restrictions Suffrage: Restrictions detail
literacy, income and tax payer
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
Prior to independence, the Government of India Act (adopted in 1935, entered into force in 1937) accorded women with the right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1950
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
Prior to independence, under British administration, the Government of India Act (adopted in 1935, entered into force in 1937) accorded women with the right to vote. These rights were maintained after 1947 when India became an "Independent Dominion".
Women’s right to stand for election
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1950
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Stand for Election: Additional Notes on right to stand for election
Prior to independence in 1947, under British administration, the Government of India Act (adopted in 1935, entered into force in 1937) accorded women with the right to vote. These rights were maintained after 1947 when India became an "Independent Dominion".
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1952