India

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
M. Venkaiah Naidu (Male)
Year of birth
1949

Secretary general

Secretary General
Desh Deepak Verma (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
31 August 2017 -

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
214
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
27
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
11.2% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
62.23
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Smt. M.C. Mary Kom (Female)
Members for whom no data is available IPU does not contain age and gender data for all chambers of parliament.
38
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
9 See historical data for this field.
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
195 See historical data for this field.
Total per sex
Total of male
187 See historical data for this field.
Total of female
17 See historical data for this field.
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
0
31-40
1 See historical data for this field.
41-45
8 See historical data for this field.
46-50
14 See historical data for this field.
51-60
55 See historical data for this field.
61-70
79 See historical data for this field.
71-80
41 See historical data for this field.
81-90
6 See historical data for this field.
91 and over
0 See historical data for this field.
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 0 1 8 14 55 79 41 6 0
Total <= 45: 9 Total >= 46: 195
Male 0 0 0 7 14 45 77 38 6 0 187
Female 0 0 1 1 0 10 2 3 0 0 17
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger0%0%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger0.49%0%0.49%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger4.41%3.43%0.98%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Elections > Election results

Results

Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
66
Number of women elected
10
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
13.16%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
- The distribution of seats above refers to the composition of the Council of States as at 22 November 2020. There were four vacant seats.
- The “Total” column refers to the number of seats renewed in 2020 while the “Full composition” column refers to the composition of the Council of States after the 2020 renewal.
- The “Full composition” number for the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) includes eight nominated members.
- Indirect elections to renew one third of the 233 elective seats in the Council of States are held every two years on various dates. Seventy-six seats were up for renewal in 2020. The renewal had been due to start on 26 March but was delayed to 19 June due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Sixty-five members had been elected by 5 October 2020, of whom eight were women. In all, there were 25 women among 243 members. The total membership included 11 retiring members and one male member appointed in 2020.
- On 13 October, the election commission set elections for the 11 retiring members for 9 November. On 2 November, the election commission declared that all 11 candidates had been elected unopposed. They include two women. Therefore, a total of 10 women were elected out of the 76 seats renewed in 2020.
- As at 2 December 2020, there were 27 women out of 241 members (with four vacancies which were not up for renewal in 2020).
Number of women after election or renewal, by mode of designation
Women Indirectly Elected
10

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
214
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
27
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
M. Venkaiah Naidu (Male)
Date of election
11.08.2017
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Date of independence For countries that become independent after 1940
1947
Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1937
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Detail of restrictions Suffrage: Restrictions detail
literacy, income and tax payer
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
Prior to independence, the Government of India Act (adopted in 1935, entered into force in 1937) accorded women with the right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1950
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
Prior to independence, under British administration, the Government of India Act (adopted in 1935, entered into force in 1937) accorded women with the right to vote. These rights were maintained after 1947 when India became an "Independent Dominion".
Women’s right to stand for election
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1950
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Stand for Election: Additional Notes on right to stand for election
Prior to independence in 1947, under British administration, the Government of India Act (adopted in 1935, entered into force in 1937) accorded women with the right to vote. These rights were maintained after 1947 when India became an "Independent Dominion".
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1952
First woman speaker
Year of first woman speaker Date at which, for the first time in the country's parliamentary history, a woman became Presiding Officer of Parliament or of one of its Houses.
2009