New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Indonesia

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House of Representatives

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
09.04.2014
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.04.2024
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
560
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
6,607
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
4,142
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
2,465
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
37.31%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
12

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
185,822,507
Votes Number of people who actually voted
139,573,927
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
75.11%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The opposition Indonesian Democratic Party - Struggle (PDI-P) led by former President Megawati Sukarnoputri came in first, taking 109 of the 560 seats at stake, though it failed to meet the conditions needed to be able to put forward a candidate on its own to the presidential elections due on 9 July (see note). Golkar, formerly led by the long-serving former President Suharto, remained the second largest party with 91 seats, and Gerindra (meaning "Great Indonesia Movement"), which endorsed former general Prabowo Subianto as its presidential candidate, took 73 seats. President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono's Democratic Party (Partai Demokrat, PD) - the largest force in the outgoing legislature - finished fourth with 61 seats, reportedly damaged by several graft scandals. Having served two presidential terms, President Yudhoyono is constitutionally barred from seeking a new term. Five Islamic-based parties took nearly 30 per cent of vote altogether, up from 24 per cent scored in 2009. Four of them surpassed the 3.5-per-cent threshold to win parliamentary representation: the National Awakening Party (PKB), the National Mandate Party (PAN), the United Development Party (PPP) and the People's Conscience Party (Hanura). PDI-P's expected presidential candidate, Jakarta governor Mr. Joko Widodo, said he would reduce the country's deficit by lowering fuel subsidies over the next few years. Golkar's leader Aburizal Bakrie, a mining and business tycoon, supported the subsidies and their eventual increase. Mr. Prabowo (Gerindra) promised to ensure that the subsidies be only used by the poor and lower middle class. After the parliamentary elections, the PKB and the National Democrat (NasDem), a new party which finished in eighth position with 35 seats, announced their support for Mr. Widodo. The 2014 elections were the first to be held since the adoption of Law 8/2012, which foresees that at least 1 in every 3 candidates included on a political party list should be a woman. Political parties that do not meet the requirement are disqualified from submitting a list in the electoral district where the quota is not met. Note: A party must win 25 per cent of the national vote or 20 per cent of the 560 seats in parliament to be able to submit a candidate for the presidency.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
10
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
83.33%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
19.46%
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Indonesian Democratic Party (PDI) 109
Golkar 91
Gerindra ("Great Indonesia Movement") 73
Democratic Party (PD) 61
National Mandate Party (PAN) 49
National Awakening Party (PKB) 47
Prosperous Justice Party (PKS) 40
United Development Party (PPP) 39
NasDem party 35
Hanura (People's Conscience Party) 16
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
466
Number of women elected
94
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
16.79%
Sources
House of Representatives (28.05.2014, 01.01.2015, 01.01.2017) Sekretariat Kabinet Republik Indonesia
Women Directly Elected
94

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
466
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
94
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
318
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
01.10.2014
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Setya Novanto (Male)
Political party
Golkar