I keep running into this error:

RuntimeError: Trying to backward through the graph a second time, but the buffers have already been freed. Specify retain_graph=True when calling backward the first time.

I’m searching in forum, but still can’t know what I have wrong in my custom loss function.

I’m using nn.GRU, here is my Loss function:

```
def _loss(outputs, session, items): # `items` is a dict() contains embedding of all items
def f(output, target):
pos = torch.from_numpy(np.array([items[target["click"]]])).float()
neg = torch.from_numpy(np.array([items[idx] for idx in target["suggest_list"] if idx != target["click"]])).float()
if USE_CUDA:
pos, neg = pos.cuda(), neg.cuda()
pos, neg = Variable(pos), Variable(neg)
pos = F.cosine_similarity(output, pos)
if neg.size()[0] == 0:
return torch.mean(F.logsigmoid(pos))
neg = F.cosine_similarity(output.expand_as(neg), neg)
return torch.mean(F.logsigmoid(pos - neg))
loss = map(f, outputs, session)
return -torch.mean(torch.cat(loss))
```

Training code:

```
# zero the parameter gradients
model.zero_grad()
# forward + backward + optimize
outputs, hidden = model(inputs, hidden)
loss = _loss(outputs, session, items)
acc_loss += loss.data[0]
loss.backward()
# Add parameters' gradients to their values, multiplied by learning rate
for p in model.parameters():
p.data.add_(-learning_rate, p.grad.data)
```