Israel

Parliament

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
23.03.2021
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
22.12.2020
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Early election
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
11.11.2025
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
120
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
39

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
6,578,084
Votes Number of people who actually voted
4,436,365
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
67.44%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The fourth inconclusive set of snap elections in two years ultimately led to a powershift in June. Although Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s Likud remained the largest force with 30 seats in the 120-member Knesset, he was unable to form a new government by the extended deadline of 6 May. President Reuven Rivlin then tasked former finance minister Mr. Yair Lapid, leader of Yesh Atid (which finished second with 17 seats), with forming a new government. On 2 June, Mr. Lapid announced a coalition government comprising eight parties (see note) under the premiership of Naftali Bennett, the leader of Yemina and a former defence minister. The coalition deal sets out that Mr. Lapid will succeed Mr. Bennett as Prime Minister in September 2023. 

On 13 June, the Knesset approved the new 27-member government, comprising 9 women, by a razor-thin margin of 60 votes to 59. The vote ousted Mr. Netanyahu, the longest-serving Prime Minister of Israel, who had led five governments over 12 years since 1996. The new government is the first in Israel to include an Arab Israeli party (United Arab List). Mr. Mickey Levy (Yesh Atid) was elected as the new Speaker, and will serve until the end of the legislature.

The early elections in 2021 followed a budget row within the coalition government (formed in May 2020) between Likud, and Blue and White. On 22 December 2020, Speaker Yariv Levin announced snap elections had been automatically triggered by the outgoing legislature’s failure to pass the budget. During election campaigning, Likud focused heavily on the country’s rapid roll-out of its COVID-19 vaccination programme, and the normalization of ties with some Arab countries in 2020.

Note: 
The new coalition government comprises Yesh Atid, Blue and White (led by former army chief Mr. Benny Gantz), Yemina, Israeli Labor (led by Ms. Merav Michaeli), Yisrael Beiteinu (led by former defence minister Mr. Avigdor Lieberman), New hope (led by former Likud member Mr. Gideon Saar), Meretz (led by Mr. Nitzan Horowitz) and United Arab List (led by Mr. Mansour Abbas). They won a total of 62 seats in the 2021 elections.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
13
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
33.33%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
25%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
8
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Yesh Atid, Blue and White, Yemina, Israeli Labor, Yisrael Beiteinu, New hope, Meretz, United Arab List
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Likud 30
Yesh Atid 17
Shas 9
Blue and White 8
Yemina 7
Israeli Labor 7
United Torah Judaism (Yahadut Hatorah) 7
Yisrael Beiteinu 7
Religious Zionism 6
Joint List (Hadash, Ta’al, Balad) 6
New hope 6
Meretz 6
United Arab List 4
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
91
Number of women elected
29
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
24.17%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
Twenty-nine women were elected in 2021. After the formation of the new government in June, the number of women in the Knesset increased to 34.
Other notes
Note on the new Speaker:
Mr. Yariv Levin (Likud), the Speaker of the outgoing legislature since May 2020, served in that post from 6 April 2021, when the newly elected legislature was convened, to 13 June, when the new government was formed.

Note on the expected date of next elections: The third Tuesday of the month of Cheshvan in 2025.
Women Directly Elected
29

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
91
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
29
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
06.04.2021
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Mickey Levy (Male)
Political party
Yesh Atid
Date of election
13.06.2021