New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Israel

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Parliament

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
17.03.2015
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
08.12.2014
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Early election
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
02.03.2020
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
120
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
1,297
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
25

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
5,881,696
Votes Number of people who actually voted
4,254,738
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
72.34%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's Likud party remained the largest force, winning 30 seats in the 120-member Knesset. The Zionist Union - established in December 2014 by the Labour Party and Hatenua and led by outgoing Opposition Leader Isaac Herzog and former Justice Minister Tzipi Livni - came in second with 24 seats. Due mainly to the higher threshold required to win seats in the 2015 elections, four Arab parties ran together as the Joint List and became the third largest force with 13 seats (see note). A record 29 women were elected, up from 27. On 25 March, President Reuven Rivlin tasked Mr. Netanyahu with forming a new government, stating "only a unity government can prevent the rapid disintegration of Israel's democracy". On 6 May, Mr. Netanyahu presented a new coalition government comprising Likud, Kulanu, Habayit Hayehudi (Jewish Home), Shas and the United Torah Judaism (Yahadut Hatorah), undertaking his fourth mandate as Prime Minister. The 2015 elections - the second snap polls in two years - were triggered by the collapse of the previous coalition government following the dismissal in December 2014 of Finance Minister Yair Lapid (Yesh Atid) and Justice Minister Livni (Hatnua). They had opposed the budget proposal (which foresaw an increase in defence spending) and a bill declaring Israel a nation-state of the Jewish people. The Ministers argued that the bill would harm the rights of the country's Arab and minority populations, while the Prime Minister said it would guarantee equal rights for citizens "regardless of religion, race or nationality". During the election campaign, the major parties focused on Palestine, settlement in the Occupied Territories and Iran's nuclear program. Note: In March 2014, the Knesset passed a "Governance Law" that raised the threshold required for political parties to win parliamentary representation from 2 to 3.25% of total votes cast. The Labour Party, Meretz and the United Arab List -Ta'al opposed the bill and argued that it would undermine Israeli's democracy and pluralism in the Knesset. The primary initiators of the bill - Foreign Minister Avigdor Liberman (Likud) and Finance Minister Yair Lapid (Yesh Atid) - noted that thresholds in other countries were much higher. In the 2015 elections, the Joint List comprised Hadash, the National Democratic Alliance (Balad), the United Arab List and Ta'al. In the 2013 elections, each party submitted candidates separately and won a total of 11 seats.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
10
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
40%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
25%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
5
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Likud, Kulanu, Habayit Hayehudi (Jewish Home), Shas and the United Torah Judaism (Yahadut Hatorah)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Likud 30
Zionist Union 24
Joint list 13
Yesh Atid (There Is a Future) 11
Kulanu Chaired by Moshe Kahlon 10
Habayit Hayehudi (Jewish Home) 8
Shas 7
Likud Yisrael Beitenu 6
United Torah Judaism (Yahadut Hatorah) 6
Meretz 5
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
91
Number of women elected
29
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
24.17%
Sources
Parliament (12.04.2015, 02.09.2015, 29.10.2015, 29.11.2015, 01.01.2017) Central Election Committee
Women Directly Elected
29

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
91
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
29
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
40
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
31.03.2015
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Yuli-Yoel Edelstein (Male)
Political party
Likud
Date of election
31.03.2015