New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Israel

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Parliament

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
09.04.2019
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
29.04.2019
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Early election
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.10.2023
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
120
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
40
Notes
40 lists.

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
6,339,729
Votes Number of people who actually voted
4,340,253
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
68.46%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s Likud party and the Blue and White coalition (co-led by former army chief Benny Gantz and former Minister of Finance Yair Lapid) won 35 seats each in the early elections (see note 1) to the 120-member Knesset. Nine other parties took fewer than eight seats each. Mr. Netanyahu started coalition talks with five parties, which together would control a total of 65 seats. On 17 April, President Reuven Rivlin officially tasked Mr. Netanyahu - who was seeking a record fifth term as Prime Minister - with forming a new government by 29 May. However, the coalition talks reached an impasse over a bill on conscription that would set quotas for drafting ultra-Orthodox seminary students into the army, and the new government could not be formed within the deadline. On 30 May, the Knesset voted to dissolve itself in view of fresh elections to be held on 17 September. In December 2018, Prime Minister Netanyahu had called early elections, citing differences in the coalition government over the conscription bill. At that time, his government had only a one-seat majority, after Defence Minister Liberman’s Yisrael Beytenu party had withdrawn from the coalition in November citing disagreement with the Prime Minister’s Gaza policy. During the election campaign, the major parties focused on security issues and relations with Palestine. Likud called for tougher security policies. The Blue and White coalition called for pursuing peace with the Palestinians while maintaining Israeli security interests. On 28 February, the attorney general announced his intention to indict Mr. Netanyahu in three corruption cases. On 25 March, U.S. President Donald Trump signed a proclamation recognizing the Golan as Israeli territory (see note 2). Two days before the elections, Prime Minister Netanyahu said he would annex Israeli settlements in the occupied West Bank if he won another term. Note 1: The four-year term of the outgoing legislature (the 20th Knesset, following early elections in March 2015) was scheduled to end in October - November 2019, in accordance with article 36 of the Basic Law: The Knesset (1958). Note 2: The Golan was Syrian territory until 1967, when it was occupied by Israel during the Six-day War and later annexed.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
11
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
27.5%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
29.17%
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Likud 35
Blue and White 35
Shas 8
United Torah Judaism (Yahadut Hatorah) 8
Hadash-Ta'al 6
Israeli Labor 6
United Right 5
Yisrael Beiteinu 5
Kulanu Chaired by Moshe Kahlon 4
Meretz 4
Ra'am–Balad 4
Other notes
The bill for the dissolution of the 20th Knesset was adopted on 26 December 2018 but the term of 20th Knesset continued until 29 April 2019 in accordance with article 37 of the Basic Law, which stipulates “The outgoing Knesset shall continue to hold office until the convening of the incoming Knesset.”.
Sources
Knesset (01.05.2019) https://votes21.bechirot.gov.il/nationalresults Central Elections Committee (https://bechirot.gov.il/) BBC BBC Monitoring Reuters The Times of Israel Haaretz
Women Directly Elected
29

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
91
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
29
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
49
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
30.04.2019
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Yuli-Yoel Edelstein (Male)
Political party
Likud
Date of election
30.04.2019