Italy

Chamber of DeputiesSenate

Chamber of Deputies

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
25.09.2022
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
22.07.2022
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Early election
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.09.2027
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
400
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
3,145
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
1,749
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
1,396
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
44.39%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
30

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
46,021,956
Votes Number of people who actually voted
29,355,592
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
63.79%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The centre-right coalition, led by Ms. Giorgia Meloni (see note 1), won the snap elections in 2022, gaining a majority in both chambers of parliament. The coalition took 237 seats in the 400-member Chamber of Deputies, and 115 of the 200 directly elected seats in the Senate. That was nearly three times more seats than the centre-left coalition, led by former Prime Minister Enrico Letta (see note 2). Mr. Luigi di Maio’s Five Star Movement lost a significant share of its seats and finished third in both chambers. On 21 October, President Sergio Mattarella appointed Ms. Meloni as the new Prime Minister. She was officially sworn in the following day, thereby becoming the first woman in Italy to assume the post. 

The 2022 elections were the first to be held after the 2020 referendum, which significantly decreased the statutory number of members in both chambers of parliament (see the “Note on the new statutory number of members” under “Other notes”). A lower voting age for the Senate (18 years old, instead of 25) was applied for the first time (see note 3).

The early elections were triggered by the collapse of the coalition government and the subsequent resignation of Prime Minister Mario Draghi (see note 4) on 21 July 2022. On 22 July, President Mattarella dissolved Parliament and called early elections for September 2022; they had originally been due by May 2023. The elections followed the global COVID-19 pandemic, and were held against the backdrop of the war in Ukraine that started in February. The war has sparked a major Europe-wide energy crisis and a rise in the cost of living, which dominated election campaigning. Other major electoral issues included the post-COVID-19 Recovery and Resilience Plan (through which Italy would obtain a €190-billion funding package from the European Union), as well as abortion rights and LGBTQ+ rights.

Note 1:
The coalition known as Brothers of Italy (FdI) – Lega – Forza Italia – Us Moderates (Noi moderati, NM) included Ms. Meloni's Brothers of Italy (FdI), Mr. Matteo Salvini's Northern League (Lega), and former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi's Forza Italia. The FdI traces its roots to the Italian Social Movement, a party created by supporters of former Prime Minister Benito Mussolini who founded and led the National Fascist Party.

Note 2:
Mr. Letta’s Democratic Party led the coalition known as DP – Democratic and Progressive Italy (DP –DP) – Greens and Left Alliance (AVS) – "+EUROPA" – Civic Commitment (IC).

Note 3:
In accordance with Law no. 1 of 18 October 2021 (which amended Article 58 of the Constitution), the minimum age at which one can vote in Senate elections was lowered from 25 to 18 years old. The voting age is now the same for both chambers of parliament.

Note 4:
Mr. Draghi, former President of the European Central Bank, succeeded Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte in February 2021. Mr. Conte had formed a coalition government comprising the Five Star Movement and the Lega following elections in 2018. That coalition collapsed in January 2021.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
8
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
26.67%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
59.25%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Coalition Brothers of Italy (FdI) - Lega - Forza Italia - Us Moderates (Noi moderati, NM)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total Proportional Majority Abroad
Coalition Brothers of Italy (FdI) - Lega - Forza Italia - Us Moderates (Noi moderati, NM) 237 114 121 2
Democratic Party - Democratic and Progressive Italy (PD-IDP) - Greens and Left Alliance (AVS) - "+EUROPA" - Civic Commitment (IC) 84 68 12 4
Five Star Movement (M5s) 52 41 10 1
Action - Italia Viva 21 21 0 0
South Tyrolean People's Party - PATT (SVP - PATT) 3 1 2 0
South calls North (Sud Chiama Nord) 1 0 1 0
Aosta Valley (VdA) 1 0 1 0
Associative Movement of Italians Abroad (MAIE) 1 0 0 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
271
Number of women elected
129
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
32.25%
Other notes
Note on the new statutory number of members:
Article 4 of the Constitutional Amendment Law 19 October 2020 no. 1 stipulates that the 2020 constitutional amendments “shall become effective after the first dissolution of Parliament following the date of entry into force of this Law”. The new statutory number of members in both chambers of parliament thus became effective on 22 July 2022 when the 2018 legislature was dissolved in view of early elections to be held on 25 September 2022.

The number of members in the Chamber of Deputies has decreased from 630 to 400 and that of the Senate from 315 to 200*. Both chambers will continue to be elected under a mixed system (parallel system, using list-based proportional representation and first past the post), see below.

*In addition, as was the case for the previous Senate, the President of the Republic may appoint up to five citizens. Former Presidents of the Republic are ex officio Senators for life unless they renounce the office. 

Chamber of Deputies: 400 members
- List proportional representation system: 253 members (245 members elected from 28 constituencies in Italy and 8 members elected from constituencies abroad)
- First-past-the-post system: 147 members elected from 28 national constituencies

Senate: 200 members
- List proportional representation system: 126 (122 members elected from 20 regional constituencies and 4 members elected from constituencies abroad)
- First-past-the-post system: 74 members elected from 20 regional constituencies
Women Directly Elected
129

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
271
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
129
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
178
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
13.10.2022
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Lorenzo Fontana (Male)
Political party
Coalition Brothers of Italy (FdI) - Lega - Forza Italia - Us Moderates (Noi moderati, NM)
Date of election
14.10.2022