New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Italy

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Senate

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theChamber of Deputies

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
04.03.2018
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
28.12.2017
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.03.2023
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
315
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
1,957
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
Yes
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
37

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
46,707,900
Votes Number of people who actually voted
32,459,469
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
69.49%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The coalition led by Mr. Matteo Salvini’s League (formerly Northern League) became the largest force in both chambers of Parliament but failed to win an outright majority. Mr. Luigi di Maio’s Five Star Movement (M5S) became the second largest force in both chambers, winning nearly double the number of seats won by the coalition led by former Prime Minister Matteo Renzi’s Democratic Party (PD). 
 
 After lengthy negotiations, on 28 May, the League and M5S agreed to form a coalition government under law professor Giuseppe Conte, who is not a parliamentarian. Although President Sergio Mattarella initially refused the new Cabinet, a modified composition of the Cabinet was accepted on 31 May. Mr. Conte was sworn in as Prime Minister, succeeding the outgoing Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni (PD). The new Cabinet, which won a vote of confidence in the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies on 5 and 6 June respectively, includes League leader Mr. Salvini as Interior and Deputy Prime Minister and M5S leader Mr. Di Maio as Industry and Deputy Prime Minister. 
 
 The 2018 elections (see note) were the first to be held after the refugee crisis of 2015. The major parties focused on the issues of refugees and migration. M5S promised to change the Dublin regulation under which refugees have to seek asylum in the first EU country they reach. The PD promised to cut aid to countries that refuse to accept migrants. A joint policy document of the League-M5S coalition includes commitments to build more detention centres so as to accelerate the deportation of an estimated 500,000 illegal immigrants.
 
 Note:
 The 2018 elections were held under the new mixed electoral system, approved by Parliament in October 2017. Under the new law (Rosatellum bis), 37 per cent of the 630 Chamber seats and 315 elective Senate seats are filled through First-Past-the-Post (FPTP) while 63 per cent use the proportional representation system. The new law also provides for a three-per-cent threshold for single parties to be able to enter parliament, and a 10 per cent threshold for coalitions.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
6
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
16.22%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
43.49%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Coalition Lega - Forza Italia - FdI - NcI-UdC, Five Star Movement (M5s)*
 *Coalition Lega - Forza Italia - FdI - NcI- UdC comprises: the League (Lega), Forza Italia (FI), Brothers of Italy (FdI) and We with Italy (Noi con l'Italia)- Union of the Centre (UdC).
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Coalition Lega - Forza Italia - FdI - NcI-UdC 137
Five Star Movement (M5s) 111
Coalition Democratic Party (PD) - "+EUROPA" - IEI-CP - SVP-PATT 60
Free and Equal (LeU) 4
Associative Movement of Italians Abroad (MAIE) 1
South American Union of Italian Immigrants (USEI) 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
207
Number of women elected
113
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
35.87%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
As at 23 March 2018, out of 320 senators 113 were women. 
 - 111 women directly elected (out of 314 senators); 
 - 2 women appointed by the President of the Republic (out of 5 senators). 
 In addition, former President Giorgio Napolitano sits in the Senate as ex-officio (life senator).
Other notes
Number of parties winning seats: 2 coalitions and 4 parties/groups
 Number of parties in government: One coalition and one party
 
 Note on the distribution of seats:
 - Coalition Lega - Forza Italia - FdI - NcI-UdC comprises: the League (Lega), Forza Italia (FI), Brothers of Italy (FdI) and We with Italy (Noi con l'Italia)-Union of the Centre (UdC).
 - Coalition Democratic Party (PD) - "+EUROPA" - IEI-CP - SVP-PATT comprises: the Democratic Party (PD), More Europe (+EUROPA), Italy Europe Together (IEI), the Popular Civic List (CP) and the South Tyrolean People's Party (SVP) - the Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party (PATT).
 - The Five Star Movement (M5s) won 112 seats but was allotted 111 seats due to lack of candidates on its list. Consequently, there were 314 senators directly elected, instead of 315.
Sources
IPU Group (23.03.2018) 
 Ministry of Interior 
 Gazzetta Ufficiale 
 https://uk.reuters.com
 http://www.euronews.com/
 http://www.bbc.com 
 https://www.theguardian.com
Women Directly Elected
113

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
207
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
113
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
181
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
24.03.2018
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Maria Elisabetta Alberti Casellati (Female)
Political party
Coalition Lega - Forza Italia - FdI - NcI-UdC
Date of election
24.03.2018