Japan

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Hiroyuki Hosoda (Male)
Year of birth
1944
Additional information
Elected on 10 Nov. 2021.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary General
Noriharu Okada (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 26 June 2019.

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
420
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
45
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
9.68% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Yuki Baba (Male)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
82
Oldest member
Toshihiro Nikai (Male)
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
80 See historical data for this field.
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
385 See historical data for this field.
Total per sex
Total of male
420 See historical data for this field.
Total of female
45 See historical data for this field.
Total per age interval
18-20
0 See historical data for this field.
21-30
1 See historical data for this field.
31-40
27 See historical data for this field.
41-45
52 See historical data for this field.
46-50
78 See historical data for this field.
51-60
160 See historical data for this field.
61-70
107 See historical data for this field.
71-80
38 See historical data for this field.
81-90
2 See historical data for this field.
91 and over
0 See historical data for this field.
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 1 27 52 78 160 107 38 2 0
Total <= 45: 80 Total >= 46: 385
Male 0 1 24 47 72 143 94 37 2 0 420
Female 0 0 3 5 6 17 13 1 0 0 45
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger0.22%0.22%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger6.02%5.38%0.65%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger17.2%15.48%1.72%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1945
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Detail of restrictions Suffrage: Restrictions detail
Only for elections to the Lower house
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
Women exercised their right to vote for the first time in 10 April 1946
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1947
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Women’s right to stand for election
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1945
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Detail of restrictions Stand for Election: Restrictions detail
Women only allowed to stand for lower house elections
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1947
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Universal
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1946
First woman speaker
Year of first woman speaker Date at which, for the first time in the country's parliamentary history, a woman became Presiding Officer of Parliament or of one of its Houses.
1993

Specialized body - Women's caucus

Parliamentary Group to Promote Women’s Empowerment Internationally
(July 2017)
Formal or informal
Informal
The caucus is open to male MPs
Yes
The caucus is cross-party
Yes
Notes
The Parliamentary Group to Promote Women’s Empowerment Internationally is a joint group with members from both chambers of parliament.
There are rules governing the functioning of the caucus
No

Activities

The caucus has a strategic plan or plan of action
No
The caucus has a communication plan
No