Japan

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Akiko Santo (Female)
Year of birth
1942
Additional information
Elected on 1 Aug. 2019.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary General
Takashi Okamura (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Elected on 9 Dec. 2019.

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
188
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
56
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
22.95% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
56.11
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Nobuo Yasue (Male)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
84
Oldest member
Toranosuke Katayama (Male)
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
46 See historical data for this field.
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
199 See historical data for this field.
Total per sex
Total of male
189 See historical data for this field.
Total of female
56 See historical data for this field.
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
0
31-40
14 See historical data for this field.
41-45
32 See historical data for this field.
46-50
23 See historical data for this field.
51-60
91 See historical data for this field.
61-70
59 See historical data for this field.
71-80
25 See historical data for this field.
81-90
1 See historical data for this field.
91 and over
0
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 0 14 32 23 91 59 25 1 0
Total <= 45: 46 Total >= 46: 199
Male 0 0 8 20 14 73 49 24 1 0 189
Female 0 0 6 12 9 18 10 1 0 0 56
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger0%0%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger5.71%3.27%2.45%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger18.78%11.43%7.35%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Elections > Election results

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
370
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
104
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
28.11%
Number of candidates, by sex
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
104
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
28.11%

Results

Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
96
Number of women elected
28
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
22.58%
Number of women after election or renewal, by mode of designation
Women Directly Elected
28

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
189
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
56
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Akiko Santo (Female)
Political party
Liberal Democratic Party (LDP)
Date of election
01.08.2019
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1945
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Detail of restrictions Suffrage: Restrictions detail
Only for elections to the Lower house
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
Women exercised their right to vote for the first time in 10 April 1946
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1947
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Women’s right to stand for election
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1945
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Detail of restrictions Stand for Election: Restrictions detail
Women only allowed to stand for lower house elections
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1947
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Universal
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1946
First woman speaker
Year of first woman speaker Date at which, for the first time in the country's parliamentary history, a woman became Presiding Officer of Parliament or of one of its Houses.
1993

Specialized body - Women's caucus

Parliamentary Group to Promote Women’s Empowerment Internationally
(July 2017)
Formal or informal
Informal
The caucus is open to male MPs
Yes
The caucus is cross-party
Yes
Notes
The Parliamentary Group to Promote Women’s Empowerment Internationally is a joint group with members from both chambers of parliament.
There are rules governing the functioning of the caucus
No

Activities

The caucus has a strategic plan or plan of action
No
The caucus has a communication plan
No