Japan

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
10.07.2022
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.07.2025
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
125
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Partial renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
545
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
364
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
181
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
33.21%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
15

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
105,019,203
Votes Number of people who actually voted
54,655,444
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
52.04%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
Prime Minister Fumio Kishida’s Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) won the majority of the 124 seats at stake in the half renewal of the 248-member House of Councillors (see note 1). The LDP and its coalition partner Komeito, led by Mr. Natsuo Yamaguchi, thereby retained an overall majority. The main opposition party, the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan (CDP), led by Mr. Kenta Izumi, came a distant second with 17 seats (see note 2) and now holds 39 seats in all. The number of MPs backing constitutional amendments in the Diet (which also includes the 465-member House of Representatives) reached two thirds of all members (see note 3). A record 35 women were elected (28%), up from 22.58 per cent in 2019. In the 2022 elections, 33.21 per cent of candidates were women, also a record high, up from 28.11 per cent.

The 2022 elections followed the global COVID-19 pandemic, and were held against the backdrop of the war in Ukraine that started in February. Prime Minister Kishida promised to boost Japan’s defence capabilities within five years. He also stated that he would work on amending the Constitution. Two days before polling day, former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe was assassinated while campaigning for an LDP candidate. Prime Minister Kishida condemned the act and vowed to defend free and fair elections, which are the basis of democracy.

Note 1:
A total of 125 members were elected in 2022: one at a by-election (under the majority system) and 124 at the regular election. Of the 124 MPs, 74 were elected under the majority system and 50 under proportional representation. The House of Councillors now comprises 248 members as stipulated in the amendments to the electoral law promulgated in July 2018. The new statutory number was applied in two phases: from 242 to 245 after the half renewal in 2019, and then to 248 in 2022.

Note 2:
The figure includes the by-election in Kanagawa prefecture that was won by the CDP’s female candidate.

Note 3:
In addition to the LDP and Komeito, Nippon Ishin (Japan Innovation Party) and the Democratic Party for the People support constitutional amendments. These four parties won a total of 93 seats in 2022. Article 96 of the Constitution stipulates that constitutional amendments require "a concurring vote of two thirds or more of all the members of each House" and "a majority of all votes cast thereon, at a special referendum".
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
10
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
66.67%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
50.4%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
2
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), Komeito
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total Majority Proportional
Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) 63 45 18
Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan 17 10 7
Komeito 13 7 6
Nippon Ishin (Japan Innovation Party) 12 4 8
Democratic Party for the People 5 2 3
Japanese Communist Party (JCP) 4 1 3
Reiwa Shinsengumi 3 1 2
Social Democratic Party (SDP) 1 0 1
NHK Party 1 0 1
Sanseito 1 0 1
Independents 5 0 5
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
90
Number of women elected
35
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
28%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
Out of 124 members elected at regular elections, 34 were women. In addition, a female candidate won a by-election. There were thus 35 women elected out of 125 members.
Other notes
Note on the number of seats at stake:
124 seats at the regular election (74 under the majority system and 50 under proportional representation) and one seat at a by-election (under the majority system).

Note on the parties or coalitions winning seats:
The number of seats for the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan includes one female member who won a by-election in Kanagawa prefecture.
Women Directly Elected
35

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
184
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
64
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
03.08.2022
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Hidehisa Otsuji (Male)
Political party
Liberal Democratic Party (LDP)
Date of election
03.08.2022