Japan

Openness and transparency

Information about access to parliamentary documents, parliament’s reporting to the public, parliament’s relation to Freedom of Information laws, and lobbying.

Parliamentary documents

The agendas of plenary meetings are published online in advance The agendas of plenary meetings are published online in advance.
The agendas of committee meetings are published online in advance The agendas of committee meetings are published online in advance.
Results of votes on draft legislation are published on the parliamentary web site Results of votes on draft legislation are published on the parliamentary web site.
Draft legislation is published on the parliamentary website Draft legislation is published on the parliamentary website.
Citizens can submit comments on draft legislation on the parliamentary web site

Annual reporting by parliament

Parliament publishes an annual report on its activities
The annual report is available on the parliamentary web site
Yes
Parliament publishes the parliamentary budget
Level of detail of the parliamentary budget made available to the public Level of detail of the parliamentary budget made available to the public: Only the total amount; A summary of the main elements; The complete budget
The complete budget
The parliamentary budget is available on the parliamentary web site
Yes

Access to parliament

Plenary meetings are open to the public
Notes
Admission may be denied to visitors if armed or inebriated, as well as for other reasons. Special permission is required for visitors under 10 years of age.
Notes
Only members are admitted to committee meetings as visitors. This provision does not apply, however, to members of the news media or others granted permission by the chairperson. In practice, the admission of visitors is permitted as long as there is sufficient space in the committee room.
There is a dedicated channel for broadcasting parliamentary meetings A dedicated channel is one that is mainly about parliament, and is accessible free of charge to the general public. The channel might be owned by Parliament or a public or private company. Dedicated channels may be broadcast by parliament, government, or another broadcaster. They may be carried on television, radio or the Internet (webcasting).
Media used for the dedicated channel
Webcast
Meetings broadcast on the dedicated channel
Plenary sittings
Committee meetings

Freedom of information

There is a freedom of information law in the country
Yes
Parliament is subject to the freedom of information law
Parliament has an office/division dedicated to FOI requests
Yes
Categories of Information that are exempt from disclosure Certain categories of information may be exempt from disclosure
Act on Access to Information Held by Administrative Organs Act (No. 42 of 1999)
https://www.cas.go.jp/jp/seisaku/hourei/data/AAIHAO.pdf
With respect to the parliament, the Secretary General of each chamber -- the House of Representatives and the House of Councillors -- establish the rules that will be applied for access to parliamentary information.

House of Representatives: 
http://www.shugiin.go.jp/internet/itdb_annai.nsf/html/statics/osirase/jyouhoukoukai.htm
Among the documents, pictures, and electromagnetic records held by the Secretariat of the House of Representatives (HR) for organizational use by its staff members, which have been prepared or obtained by its staff members in the course of their duties, the following are excluded from the items subject to disclosure of information: (1) items published for the purpose of selling to many and unspecified persons; (2) items managed according to the standards for handling materials of the Parliamentary Museum, HR; and (3) items related to legislation and research. There are also cases where items are not disclosed, and such cases include: (1) when specifically provided for by law; (2) when the information is related to activities of in-house groups or House Members, and there is a risk of causing hindrance to their activities if disclosed; and (3) when the information corresponds to “Non-Disclosure Information” provided for by Article 5, Act on Access to Information Held by Administrative Organs, including information involving a risk of constituting a hindrance to the proper execution of duties if disclosed due to the nature of the duties associated with legislation and research at the House of Representatives.

House of Councillors:
http://www.sangiin.go.jp/japanese/annai/johokoukai/seido.html 
Among the documents, pictures, and electromagnetic records held by the Secretariat of the House of Councillors for organizational use by its staff members, which have been prepared or obtained by its staff members in the course of their duties, the following are excluded from the items subject to disclosure of information: (1) items published for the purpose of selling to many and unspecified persons; (2) items made before the enforcement of Constitution of Japan of 1947, which are specially preserved; and (3) items related to legislation and research, which are designated by Secretary General of the House of Councillors. Adding to these, items are also excluded from disclosure when they include any of the following information: (1) information related to activities of in-house groups or House Members, in which there is a risk of causing hindrance to their activities if disclosed; (2) information involving a risk of constituting a hindrance to the proper execution of duties if disclosed due to the nature of the duties associated with legislation and research at the House of Councillors; and (3) information corresponding to “Non-Disclosure Information” provided for by Article 5, Act on Access to Information Held by Administrative Organs.

Lobbying

There are rules about the activities of lobbyists in parliament
There is a register of accredited lobbyists