Australia

House of RepresentativesSenate

House of Representatives

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
When the election results are declared
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Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
End of the parliamentary mandate
Notes
For those not re-contesting, at the issuing of the writs prior to the election. For those seeking re-election, but are unsuccessful, polling day.

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
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Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State The Speaker often has a very high rank in the protocollary hierarchy of the State.
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity In some countries, the Speaker acts as interim Head of State when required by the circumstances, such as death or incapacity.
No
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
Yes
Speaker terms
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Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
There is a Code of conduct for members

Salaries and allowances

Basic salary
211,250 (2020)
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Names of the basic allowances
Electorate allowance:
Electorates of less than 2,000km2: AUD 32,000 per annum
Electorates of 2,000km2 to 4,999km2: AUD 38,000 per annum
Electorates of 5,000km2 or more: AUD 46,000 per annum

- Provision of private plated vehicles or an allowance of AUD 19,500 per annum (known as 'additional electorate allowance') if a member elects not to be provided with a private plated vehicle
- Internet and telephone services at private residences
- Travel allowances for travel within Australia

For former members:
- Post-retirement travel expenses
- Resettlement allowance
Members pay income tax on salaries Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
No
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament Certain parliaments allow MPs to exercise other remunerated employment outside parliament.
Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work
Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian The personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian is different from parliamentary staff work for the secretariat of Parliament.
Office at parliament
Constituency office Certain countries provide for an office at constituency if it’s different from a seat of parliament, which is often in the capital. The office at constituency is applicable mainly to the countries using the Plurality/Majority system of elections.
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work The common in-kind allowances for constituency work include those for travel, overnight stay, etc.
No
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker yes
Committee Chair yes
Other leadership positions that receive additional salaries or allowances Some parliaments provides for additional salaries or allowances to the Deputy Speaker/Vice President, heads of parliamentary groups, etc.
Speaker - AUD 158,440 additional salary per annum

Chairs of standing committees, legislative scrutiny committees, legislative and general purpose committees and select committees - AUD 23,240 additional salary per annum

Chairs of joint standing committees and joint statutory committees - AUD 33,800 additional salary per annum

Others include: Deputy Leader of the Opposition; Leader of the Opposition; Shadow Minister; Chief Government Whip; Chief Opposition Whip, etc.
Parliament determines the amount of salaries Some parliaments determine the amount of salaries of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
No
Parliament determines the amount of allowances Some parliaments determine the amount of allowances of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
No
Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount This question is only relevant if the amount is set by other institution than parliament.
The Remuneration Tribunal – an independent statutory body that handles the remuneration of key Commonwealth offices
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale In some countries, the amount of parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale, such as civil service salary scale, ministerial salary or the minimum wage of the country.
The data valid for the year
2020
Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website Certain parliaments publish the information on MPs’ salaries and allowances on parliamentary website. The amount of information may vary from one parliament to the other.
Amount of allowances received by each member
No

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other
Must be a member of parliament
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Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
30
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Percentage of members of parliament/chamber who are also members of the government The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government by the statutory number of members of parliament/chamber.