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Kyrgyzstan

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Supreme Council

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
04.10.2015
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
28.10.2015
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.10.2020
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
120
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

The number of candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
14

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
2,761,297
Votes Number of people who actually voted
1,589,479
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
57.56%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
Once again, the 2015 elections returned a fragmented parliament with no party winning an outright majority. The Social Democratic Party, close to pro-Russian President Almazbek Atambayev came first, taking 38 of the 120 Supreme Council; the Party's coalition partner, Ar-Namys (Dignity), failed to win parliamentary representation. The Social Democratic Party's main rival, Respublika - Ata-Jurt (led by former Prime Minister Omurbek Babanov), came second, followed by the Kyrgyzstan Party (led by former governor of the Chuy Region, Mr. Kanatbek Isayev), a close political ally of the Social Democratic Party. Two new parties - Onuguu (Progress) and Bir Bol (Stay United) - entered parliament. They won individually more seats than the party, "Ata-Merken" led by former Speaker Omurbek Tekebayev. On 2 November, the Social Democratic Party, Kyrgyzstan Party, Onuguu (Progress) and Ata-Merken agreed to form a new coalition government under the premiership of Social Democratic Party leader, Mr. Chynybai Tursunbekov. The 2015 elections were the first to be held under President Atambayev. His election in 2011 marked the first peaceful transfer of presidential power in the country's post-Communist era. Under the new presidency, the country has forged a stronger relationship with the Russian Federation. In May 2015, Kyrgyzstan adopted a law ratifying treaties on its entrance into the Russian-led Eurasian Customs Union and the Eurasian Economic Union. During the 2015 election campaign, the main parties focused on issues related to the economy, corruption and security. Biometric ID cards were used for the first time to prevent voter fraud. Only those who provided their biometric data to the State registration service were allowed to vote with their Biometric ID card or passport. Despite the outreach programmes of the registration service, only 2.76 million citizens out of a potential 3.5 million eligible voters registered in 2015, down from 2.85 million registered in 2010. In accordance with the 2011 electoral law, each party was required to respect candidate quotas: 30% of candidates standing for each party had to be women, 15% had to be from minority ethnic backgrounds, and 15% below 35 years old, while two candidates had to have limited health capacities. As in the 2010 elections, no party was permitted to hold more than 65 seats in the new legislature.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
6
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
42.86%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
31.67%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Not applicable
Note on the alternation of power
The composition of government changed before the 2015 elections.
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
4
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Social Democratic Party, Kyrgyzstan Party, Onuguu (Progress) and Ata-Merken
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB) 38
Respublika - Ata-Jurt 28
Kyrgyzstan Party 18
Onuguu (Progress) 13
Bir Bol (Stay United) 12
Ata-Merken 11
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
97
Number of women elected
23
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
19.17%
Sources
Supreme Council (02.11.2015) OSCE International Foundation for Electoral Systems 24.kg News Agency
Women Directly Elected
23

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
97
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
23
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
49
Notes Note on the number of first-term parliamentarians
Some of the first-term parliamentarians were on the first electoral list of candidates and others are substitutes.
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
28.10.2015
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Asilbek Jeenbekov (Male)
Political party
Social Democratic Party