Lao People's Democratic Republic

National Assembly

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Xaysomphone Phomvihane (Male)
Year of birth
1956
Additional information
Elected on 22 March 2021.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary General
Pingkham Lasasimma (Female)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 22 March 2021.

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
128
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
36
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
21.95% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Thanongsith Meuangchan (Male)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
69
Oldest member
Chaleun Yiapaoher (Male)
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
144
Total per sex
Total of male
128
Total of female
36
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
0
31-40
4
41-45
16
46-50
28
51-60
105
61-70
11
71-80
0
81-90
0
91 and over
0
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 0 4 16 28 105 11 0 0 0
Total <= 45: 20 Total >= 46: 144
Male 0 0 3 10 20 85 10 0 0 0 128
Female 0 0 1 6 8 20 1 0 0 0 36
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger0%0%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger2.44%1.83%0.61%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger12.2%7.93%4.27%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Elections > Election results

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
211
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
50
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
23.7%
Number of candidates, by sex
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
50
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
23.7%

Results

Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
108
Number of women elected
41
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
27.52%
Number of women after election or renewal, by mode of designation
Women Directly Elected
41

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
108
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
41
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Pany Yathotou (Female)
Political party
Lao People's Revolutionary Party (LPRP)
Date of election
20.04.2016
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Date of independence For countries that become independent after 1940
1953
Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1958
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Women’s right to stand for election
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1958
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1958
First woman speaker
Year of first woman speaker Date at which, for the first time in the country's parliamentary history, a woman became Presiding Officer of Parliament or of one of its Houses.
2011

Specialized body - Women's caucus

Lao Women Parliamentarians Caucus
(January 2002 - March 2021)
Formal or informal
Formal
The caucus is open to male MPs
Yes
Notes
There are only women in the caucus, but many men parliamentarians support the women caucus' plan of action.
There are rules governing the functioning of the caucus
Yes

Activities

Issues dealt with by the caucus
- The Caucus contributes to the law drafting process to improve the Lao legislation in regard of gender-based violence.
-Specific activities have included: development of a resolution on gender issues in parliaments for the Asia-Pacific Parliamentary Forum in 2009; organization of female leadership training; gender training workshops for parliamentarians; gender screening of budgets and laws, as well as oversight of their implementation; and advocacy work for the advancement of women.
The caucus has a strategic plan or plan of action
Yes
The caucus has a communication plan
Yes