New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Lao People's Democratic Republic

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National Assembly

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
20.03.2016
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.03.2021
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
149
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
211
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
161
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
50
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
23.7%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
1

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
3,733,932
Votes Number of people who actually voted
3,657,026
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
97.94%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The Lao People's Revolutionary Party (LPRP) took 144 seats in the enlarged 149-member National Assembly (see note) while the five remaining seats went to independents. Nearly 73% of members were elected to the National Assembly for the first time. During the election campaign, many candidates focused on development, promising to serve the interests of the nation and the people. The 2016 elections followed the LPRP's leadership elections in January. Vice President Bounnhang Vorachit became the new the General Secretary - the highest-ranking member in the LPRP's Politburo - replacing President Choummaly Sayasone. Other key officials include Deputy Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith and Speaker Pany Yathotou. Mr. Vorachit pledged to oversee “Laos' graduation from the list of least developed countries by 2020 and achieve the status of upper-middle income country by 2030 while progressing along the socialist path". On 20 April, the newly elected National Assembly elected Mr. Vorachit as the new President. Mr. Sisoulith was elected Prime Minister, replacing Mr. Thongsing Thammavong. Note: The statutory number of members increased from 132 to 149 due to population increase. There is one member for every 50,000 citizens, up to 19 members per province while five members are allotted for the provinces with less than 250,000 citizens.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
1
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
100%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
96.64%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
1
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Lao People's Revolutionary Party (LPRP)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Lao People's Revolutionary Party (LPRP) 144
Independents 5
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
108
Number of women elected
41
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
27.52%
Sources
National Assembly (08.04.2016, 06.05.2016) Fast Facts: Lao PDR 2016 Assembly Elections, Vientiane, 1 April 2016, UNDP in Lao PDR Vientiane Times VietnamPlus, Vietnam News Agency People's Army Newspaper
Women Directly Elected
41

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
108
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
41
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
20.04.2016
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Pany Yathotou (Female)
Political party
Lao People's Revolutionary Party (LPRP)
Date of election
20.04.2016