New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Latvia

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Parliament

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
06.10.2018
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
06.11.2018
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
01.10.2022
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
100
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
1,461
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
997
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
464
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
No
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
31.76%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
16

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
1,548,673
Votes Number of people who actually voted
844,925
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
54.56%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The parties that make up Prime Minister Maris Kucinskis's coalition government (see note) took 32 seats in the 2018 elections but no longer held a majority in the 100-member Parliament. The Social Democratic Party "Harmony" (SDPS, a pro-Russia party led by Mr. Nils Ushakovs), remained the largest single party, winning 23 seats. The KPV LV ("Who owns the State?", led by Mr. Aldis Gobzems) and the New Conservative Party (led by former Justice Minister Janis Bordans) won 16 seats each. They ruled out any co-operation with Harmony. During the election campaign, the major parties focused on anti-corruption measures. A record 31 women (31%) were elected, up from 19 in 2014. On 8 November, President Raimonds Vejonis named Mr. Bordans of the New Conservative Party as Prime Minister. However, Mr. Bordans and the second nominee, Mr. Aldis Gobzems (KPV LV), failed to form a new government. On 23 January 2019, Parliament approved a five-party coalition government proposed by Mr. Krisjanis Karins of the New Unity. Note: Prime Minister Kucinskis’s coalition comprised his own party, the Union of Farmers and Greens (ZZS), the National Alliance of "All for Latvia!" - "For Fatherland and Freedom / LNNK" (NA), and the New Unity (VIENOTIBA), which was formerly named Unity. Mr. Kucinskis succeeded Ms. Laimdota Straujuma (Unity) as Prime Minister in 2016
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
7
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
43.75%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
23%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
New Unity (VIENOTIBA), New Conservative Party, KPV LV ("Who owns the State?"), For Development/For!(AP) and National Alliance of "All for Latvia!" - "For Fatherland and Freedom / LNNK" (NA)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Social Democratic Party "Harmony" (SDPS) 23
KPV LV ("Who owns the State?") 16
New Conservative Party 16
For Development / For! (AP) 13
National Alliance of "All for Latvia!" - "For Fatherland and Freedom / LNNK" (NA) 13
Union of Farmers and Greens (ZZS) 11
New Unity (VIENOTIBA) 8
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
69
Number of women elected
31
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
31%
Sources
Parliament (24.10.2018) https://sv2018.cvk.lv/ Public broadcasting of Latvia BBC
Women Directly Elected
31

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
69
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
31
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
06.11.2018
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Inara Murniece (Female)
Political party
National Alliance of "All for Latvia!" - "For Fatherland and Freedom / LNNK" (NA)
Date of election
06.11.2018