New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Latvia

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Parliament

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
04.10.2014
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
04.11.2014
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Early election
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
01.10.2022
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
100
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
1,156
Notes
Timing of election: In accordance with Article 13 of the Constitution, the Saeima elected following early elections will serve a shorter term than the statutory four years. Its mandate shall expire upon the convening of the new Saeima on the first Tuesday in November three years after such elections.
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
775
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
381
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
32.96%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
13

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
1,552,235
Votes Number of people who actually voted
913,491
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
58.85%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The coalition led by Prime Minister Laimdota Straujuma (Unity) retained power, winning 61 seats in the 100-member Parliament. The Social Democratic Party "Harmony" (SDPS, which was part of the "Centre for Harmony" alliance in 2011), led by the Mayor of Riga, Mr. Nils Usakovs, remained the largest single party, taking 24 seats, down from 31 in 2011. Its electoral ally, the Regional Alliance of Latvia (LRA), took eight seats. Following the election, President Andris Berzins tasked Ms. Straujuma with forming a new government (see note). Ms. Straujuma - who had become the country's first woman Prime Minister in January 2014 - ran on the government's record. She underscored that, despite the 2008 economic crisis, the country's economic situation had improved since Unity came into power in 2009. Following the crisis in Ukraine, the Prime Minister called for a permanent NATO presence in Latvia and argued that voting for the SDPS would undermine the country's stability. Meanwhile, the SDPS promised closer ties with the Russian Federation while maintaining Latvia's membership of NATO and the EU, and considered that Russian should be the country's second official language. Note: The coalition government formed after the 2011 elections comprised Unity (VIENOTIBA), Zatlers' Reform Party and the National Alliance of "All for Latvia!" - "For Fatherland and Freedom / LNNK" (NA) and was led by Mr. Valdis Dombrovskis. Upon his resignation in January 2014, Unity nominated Ms. Straujuma to head the government. Her candidacy was supported by the three coalition parties and the Union of Greens and Farmers (ZZS), which had been in opposition. In the 2014 elections, members of Zatlers' Reform Party ran under Unity's banner. The coalition government formed after the 2014 elections therefore comprised Unity, the ZZS and the NA.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
6
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
46.15%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
24%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Not applicable
Note on the alternation of power
The composition of the coalition government had changed before the 2014 elections.
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
3
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Unity (VIENOTIBA), the Union of Greens and Farmers (ZZS) and the National Alliance of "All for Latvia!" - "For Fatherland and Freedom / LNNK" (NA)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Social Democratic Party "Harmony" (SDPS) 24
Unity (VIENOTIBA) 23
Union of Farmers and Greens (ZZS) 21
National Alliance of "All for Latvia!" - "For Fatherland and Freedom / LNNK" (NA) 17
Regional Alliance of Latvia (LRA) 8
Latvia from the Heart (No sirds Latvijai) 7
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
91
Number of women elected
19
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
19%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
Nineteen women were elected in October 2014. However after the formation of the new government in November, the total number of women parliamentarians decreased to 18.
Sources
Parliament (24.10.2014, 03.12.2014, 01.01.2017) Central Election Commission of Latvia
Women Directly Elected
19

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
91
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
19
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
45
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
04.11.2014
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Inara Murniece (Female)
Political party
National Alliance of "All for Latvia!" - "For Fatherland and Freedom / LNNK" (NA)
Date of election
04.11.2014