New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Latvia

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Parliament

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
At the first sitting of the chamber
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
End of the parliamentary mandate
When the new chamber meets for the first time

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State The Speaker often has a very high rank in the protocollary hierarchy of the State.
Second
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity In some countries, the Speaker acts as interim Head of State when required by the circumstances, such as death or incapacity.
Yes
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
Yes
Speaker terms
The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house The term of the Speaker may be different from the term of the House (legislature).
Yes
Speaker's term The term may be shorter than one year.
4 Years

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Yes, except for flagrant delicto
Notes
c.f. articles 29 and 30 of the constitution of the republic of latvia. members of the saeima may be arrested if apprehended in the act of committing a crime. the presidium shall be notified within twenty-four hours of the arrest and shall raise the matter at the next sitting of the saeima for decision as to whether the member shall continue to be held in detention or be released. when the saeima is not in session, pending the opening of a session, the presidium shall decide whether the member of the saeima shall remain in detention. without the consent of the saeima, criminal prosecution may not be commenced and administrative fines may not be levied against its members.
There is a Code of conduct for members
Yes

Salaries and allowances

Basic salary The figures are the gross amount before tax in national currency.
17,004
Members pay income tax on salaries Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
No
Members pay income tax on allowances Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
No
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament Certain parliaments allow MPs to exercise other remunerated employment outside parliament.
Yes
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament In certain countries, MPs exercising other employment may be required to declare their income.
No
List of the other allowances provided for constituency work
Travel allowances - amount depends on the distance between the MP’s domicile and the parliament.
Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work
Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian The personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian is different from parliamentary staff work for the secretariat of Parliament.
Yes
Office at parliament
Yes
Constituency office Certain countries provide for an office at constituency if it’s different from a seat of parliament, which is often in the capital. The office at constituency is applicable mainly to the countries using the Plurality/Majority system of elections.
No
Housing
No
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work The common in-kind allowances for constituency work include those for travel, overnight stay, etc.
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker yes no
Committee Chair yes no
Other leadership positions that receive additional salaries or allowances Some parliaments provides for additional salaries or allowances to the Deputy Speaker/Vice President, heads of parliamentary groups, etc.
Deputy Speaker of the Saeima, Secretary of the Saeima, Deputy Secretary of the Saeima, Chairmen and Deputy Chairmen of parliamentary groups (fractions) and committees, Secretaries of committees, Chairmen and Secretaries of subcommittees
Parliament determines the amount of salaries Some parliaments determine the amount of salaries of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
No
Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount This question is only relevant if the amount is set by other institution than parliament.
Law on Remuneration of Officials and Employees of State and Self-government Authorities
Parliament determines the amount of allowances Some parliaments determine the amount of allowances of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
No
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale In some countries, the amount of parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale, such as civil service salary scale, ministerial salary or the minimum wage of the country.
Yes
Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries: Civil service salary scale; Ministerial salary; Minimum wage; Other (please specify)
Other (please specify)
Notes
MPs’ salaries are determined by the Law on Remuneration of Officials and Employees of State and Self-government Authorities (the average national salary multiplied by a coefficient of 3.2)
The data valid for the year
2012
Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website Certain parliaments publish the information on MPs’ salaries and allowances on parliamentary website. The amount of information may vary from one parliament to the other.
http://www.saeima.lv/lv/saeimas-struktura/statistika-1/deputatu-atalgojums (only in Latvian)
Amount of allowances received by each member
Yes

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other
Can be a member of parliament