New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Libya

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House of Representatives

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
25.06.2014
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
04.08.2014
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
200
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
1,714
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
1,562
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
152
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
No
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
8.87%
Notes
149 women ran for 32 seats reserved for women while three stood for general seats.
Notes
Number of parties contesting the election: N/A (Candidatures must be submitted by individuals)

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
1,509,128
Votes Number of people who actually voted
630,000
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
41.75%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
All candidates stood as independents in the 2014 elections to the House of Representatives (HoR), unlike the July 2012 elections, where candidates could also be submitted by political parties. The HoR is an interim legislative body that replaces the previous interim parliament, the General National Council (GNC). The GNC initially voted in December 2013 to extend its term beyond its scheduled end in February 2014. However, following street protests against the extension, the GNC decided to organize elections to the HoR in June. The majority system was used for the 2014 elections, replacing the mixed electoral system used in 2012. 32 of the 200 seats are reserved for women. Amid violence, only 1.5 million of some 3.5 million eligible voters registered to vote in 2014, a sharp decrease from the 2.7 million registered in 2012. Even so, turnout of registered voters dropped from 62% in 2012 to 42% in 2014. As all candidates ran as independents, election campaigning was low profile. 41 candidates were rejected by the Public Official Standards Commission, set up in accordance with the Political Isolation Law, which bans former officials of the Gaddafi regime from holding public office. In all, 12 seats were not filled, and the High National Election Commission (HNEC) stated that it did not have a remit to hold new elections for these seats. The HoR elections followed those to a 60-member Constituent Assembly (CA), held in February 2014. The latter, which was convened in April, is due to draft a Constitution within 18 months of that date. In June, the government decided that the HoR should be based in Benghazi - the cradle of the 2011 uprising which toppled Col. Muammar Gaddafi's regime - instead of the capital Tripoli. Government officials explained the move was a part of efforts to rebuild state authority in the underdeveloped east. However, due to security concerns, it held its first session in eastern city of Tobruk on 4 August. This decision was contested by outgoing GNC Speaker Nouri Abu-Sahmayn, who organized a handover ceremony in Tripoli attended by GNC members and some HoR members. The HoR should, amongst others, decide the mode of designation of an interim President within 45 days of its first session and promulgate the new Constitution once the draft has been approved by a two-thirds majority in a referendum (see note). Within 30 days from the date of promulgation of the new Constitution, the HoR will issue an electoral law that will be used to elect a new parliament. Parliamentary elections will be held within 120 days thereafter. The new parliament will be convened within 30 days from the approval of the final results by the HNEC. The first session of the new parliament will dissolve the HoR. Note on the referendum: Once the draft constitution is finalized by the CA, it will be submitted to a referendum within 30 days. If approved by a two-thirds majority of voters, the HoR will promulgate the new Constitution. If rejected, the CA will re-draft the constitution and put it again to referendum within 30 days from the announcement of referendum result.
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Not applicable
Note on the alternation of power
transitional period
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
158
Number of women elected
30
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
15%
Other notes
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 4 August 2014. The day when the GNC handed over its power to the HoR. Timing of election: N/A. Parliamentary elections were due to be held in 2013. Elections to another interim parliament, HoR, were held in 2014 instead.
Sources
UNDP in Libya (10.08.2014) High National Elections Commission
Women Directly Elected
30

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
158
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
30
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
200
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
04.08.2014
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Aguila Saleh Iissa (Male)
Date of election
04.08.2014