New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Lithuania

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Parliament

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
09.10.2016 to 23.10.2016
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
14.11.2016
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.10.2020
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
141
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
1,415
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
973
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
442
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
No
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
31.24%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
14
Notes
Number of parties contesting the election: 14, including 2 coalitions.

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
2,514,657
Votes Number of people who actually voted
1,272,734
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
50.61%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The Lithuanian Peasant and Greens Union (LVZS), which held only one seat in the outgoing legislature, won a surprise victory, taking 54 seats in the 141-member Parliament. Mr. Saulius Skvernelis, a popular former police chief, led the LVLS election campaign together with the party chairman and wealthy businessman, Mr. Ramunas Karbauskis. Prime Minister Algirdas Butkevicius' Lithuanian Social Democratic Party (LSDP) - the largest party in the outgoing legislature - finished third, behind the Homeland Union - Lithuanian Christian Democrats (TS-LKD), led by Mr. Gabrielius Landsbergis. On 9 November, the LVZS and the LSDP signed a coalition agreement.
 
 The 2016 elections were the first to be held since the country introduced the euro in 2015. During the election campaign, the major parties focused on economic growth, stopping the emigration of Lithuanians and measures to raise living standards and minimum wages. Over the last ten years, the growth rate halved to around 2-3% per year and the population has fallen from 3.3 to 2.9 million people. 
 
 Note:
 New boundaries were used for the 71 single-member constituencies following the October 2015 ruling of the Constitutional Court which ruled the previous constituencies unconstitutional (due to a 50-per-cent population disparity between the largest and smallest constituencies). The Election Commission re-allotted the constituency boundaries in December 2015.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
10
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
71.43%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
38.3%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total Multi-member Single-member
Lithuanian Peasant and Green Union (LVZS) 54 19 35
Homeland Union - Lithuanian Christian Democrats (TS-LKD) 31 20 11
Lithuanian Social Democratic Party (LSDP) 17 13 4
Liberals Movement of the Republic of Lithuania (LRLS) 14 8 6
Lithuanian Poles' Electoral Action (LLRA-KSS) 8 5 3
Order and Justice Party (PTT) 8 5 3
Independents 4 0 4
Labour Party (DP) 2 0 2
Lithuanian Green Party (LZS) 1 0 1
Political Party "List of Lithuania" (PPLS) 1 0 1
Lithuanian Centre Party (LCP) 1 0 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
111
Number of women elected
30
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
21.28%
Sources
Parliament (02.11.2016) 
 The Central Electoral Commission of the Republic of Lithuania (14.11.2016) BBC Euronews Fondation Robert Schuman True Lithuania The Baltic Times The Baltic course
Women Directly Elected
30

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
111
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
30
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
82
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
14.11.2016
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Viktoras Pranckietis (Male)
Political party
Lithuanian Peasant and Green Union (LVZS)
Date of election
14.11.2016