Lithuania

Parliament

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
11.10.2020 to 25.10.2020
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
13.11.2020
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.10.2024
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
141
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
1,754
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
1,170
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
584
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
33.3%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
17

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The Homeland Union - Lithuanian Christian Democrats (TS-LKD), led by Mr. Gabrielius Landsbergis, became the largest force, taking 50 seats in the 141-member parliament. Prime Minister Saulius Skvernelis’s Lithuanian Peasant Popular Union (LVŽS) finished second, reducing its share of seats from 54 to 32. On 9 November, TS-LKD signed an agreement with the Liberals Movement of the Republic of Lithuania (LRLS, 13 seats) and the Freedom Party (LP, 11 seats) to form a coalition government under a former presidential candidate, Ms. Ingrida Šimonytė, who had headed the TS-LKD list in 2020.

On 13 November, the newly elected Parliament elected Ms. Viktorija Čmilytė-Nielsen (LRLS) as its new Speaker. On 25 November, Parliament elected Ms. Šimonytė (TS-LKD) as the new Prime Minister. President Gitanas Nausėda (independent) officially appointed her later on the same day. On 11 December, the three-party coalition formed a gender-equal government, comprising seven men and seven women.

The 2020 elections were held amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The LVŽS-led government launched a €2 billion financial package to help businesses affected by the pandemic. Voters respected social distancing measures and brought their own pens to polling stations. TS-LKD promised more transparency and science-based decisions in handling the COVID-19 pandemic.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
10
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
58.82%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
35.46%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
3
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Homeland Union - Lithuanian Christian Democrats (TS-LKD), Liberals Movement of the Republic of Lithuania (LRLS), Freedom party (LP)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Homeland Union - Lithuanian Christian Democrats (TS-LKD) 50
Lithuanian Peasant Popular Union (LVŽS) 32
Lithuanian Social Democratic Party (LSDP) 13
Liberals Movement of the Republic of Lithuania (LRLS) 13
Freedom party (LP) 11
Labour Party (DP) 10
Lithuanian Poles Electoral Action (LLRA) 3
Lithuanian Social Democratic Labour Party (LSDDP) 3
Lithuanian Freedom Union (Liberals) (PLT) 1
Lithuanian Green Party (LŽS) 1
Independents 4
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
103
Number of women elected
38
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
26.95%
Women Directly Elected
38

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
103
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
38
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
49
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
13.11.2020
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Viktorija Čmilytė-Nielsen (Female)
Political party
Liberals Movement of the Republic of Lithuania (LRLS)
Date of election
13.11.2020