Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
IPU membership

Data on women

Information on the current and historical representation of women in the parliament. Consult the 'Elections' tab to see how women have fared in elections or renewals.

Current representation

Women's representation in the current parliament or chamber

Current number of members
Percentage of women


Victoria Eugenia Villarruel (Female)
Date of birth: 13 Apr 1975
Additional information

Vice-President of the Republic

Secretary general

No information available

Chairs of specialized bodies

Specialized body Theme Name Sex Age
Commission on Population and Human Development Gender equality María Belén Tapia Female 50
Women's Banking Commission Gender equality Ivanna Marcela Arrascaeta Female -

Data on age at the start of the legislature

Number of members, by age (2023-12)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 0 2 2 4 15 12 4 0 0 39
Female 0 0 5 3 5 9 7 3 0 0 32
Totals per age interval 0 0 7 5 9 24 19 7 0 0 71
Total <= 45: 12 Total >= 46: 59
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
9.9% 3% 7.0%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
16.9% 6% 11.3%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
Electoral quota for women


The Gender Parity in Political Representation Act (Ley 27.412) stipulates what is known as a zebra system for the lists of candidates to the Chamber of Deputies, the Senate and the Mercosur Parliament. The lists must alternate between men and women candidates from start to finish for both titular and substitute candidates. Lists that do not comply with this requirement will not be validated.

The Organic Act on Political Parties (Ley 23.298) further stipulates that, in cases where the principle of gender parity is breached, political parties may lose their political and legal personality.

Sources: Article 60 bis of the National Electoral Code (Código Electoral Nacional) and article 50 (h) of the Organic Act on Political Parties (Ley 23.298) as amended by the Gender Parity in Political Representation Act (Ley 27.412). The latter Act was adopted by the Chamber of Deputies on 22 November 2017, enacted by the President of the Republic (Decreto No. 1035) on 14 December 2017, and published in the official journal (BORA) on 15 December 2017.

First woman in parliament

Year of first woman in parliament

First woman speaker

Year of first woman speaker

Women’s suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Restricted or universal suffrage

Notes: In some provinces, women were given the right to vote and stand for election at an earlier date

Women's right to stand for election
Restricted or universal
No information available

Women's caucus

Women's caucuses or parliamentary groups that bring together women parliamentarians to strengthen cooperation and amplify their voices. For other parliamentary bodies or committees that have a specific mandate to address gender equality matters, see the ‘Specialized body – Gender equality’ tab.

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
List of values for 2020-09
List of values for 2019-04
List of values for 2018-06