Austria

National Council

Political system
Presidential-Parliamentary
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Parliamentary mandate

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
At the first sitting of the chamber
Date of start of mandate for newly elected members
No information available
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
Date of start of mandate for appointed members
No information available
End of the parliamentary mandate
When the new chamber meets for the first time
Date of end of mandate
No information available

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
Authority that designates the Speaker when the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State
Third
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity
Yes
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures
Yes

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Yes, except for flagrant delicto

Notes: members may only be prosecuted for punishable offences which are in no way connected with their political activities. the prosecuting authority shall, upon demand of the member concerned or of one third of the members of the standing committee having jurisdiction over such matters, seek a decision of the national council on whether or not any such connection exists between the alleged offense and the member’s political activities. if the national council determines that there is a connection between the alleged offence and the member's political activity, it shall at the same time decide on whether or not it approves the prosecution of the member in question. --- (art. 57 (2) and (5) of the federal constitutional law

There is a Code of conduct for members
Yes

Salaries and allowances

Members are paid salaries by parliament
Yes
(2020)
Basic salary, per year
138,216 EUR
(2022)
Basic salary, per year in PPP
189,337
(2022)
Basic allowances
Click for historical data
Basic allowance in PPP
7,371
Names of the basic allowances

There are no real allowances, only remunerations. The law concerning these remunerations can be found on the parliamentary website.

Members pay income tax on salaries
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances
No
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament
Yes
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances provided for leadership positions
No information available

Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work

Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian
No
Office at parliament
Yes
Constituency office
No
Housing
No
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work
Yes

Notes:

Members of the Nationalrat can be reimbursed for their personal staff under specific legal conditions up to the annual amount of € 67,466.80 per member.

Actual parliamentary expenses may also be reimbursed which may include expenses for the constituency office, travel costs, office equipment, expenses for accommodation etc. up to 578.30 € per month (12 times a year), depending on the travel time between their hometown and parliament.

Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker Yes No
Committee Chair No No

Notes:

Speaker - EUR 262,053

First/Second Deputy Speaker - EUR 212,138

Head of parliamentary groups - EUR 212,138

Salary of the Speaker
262,053 EUR
Salary of the Speaker in PPP
349,404
Parliament determines the amount of salaries
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount

The amounts of the salaries and of the possible allowances are provided by law (Federal Emoluments Act) combined with a public announcement of the President of the Court of Audit.

There is an annual automatic rise depending on the inflation rate or the rise of common pensions. The lower rate out of these two percentages is taken.

Parliament determines the amount of allowances
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount

The amounts of the salaries and of the possible allowances are provided by law (Federal Emoluments Act) combined with a public announcement of the President of the Court of Audit. There are no real allowances, only remunerations.

Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount
No information available
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale
Yes
Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries
Civil service salary scale

Notes: Remunerations are limited by law depending on the civil service salary scale.

Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website

Federal Act on the Emoluments of Persons in Highest Federal Offices of Members of the National Council and of the Federal Council (Federal Emoluments Act) along with public announcements by the President of the Austrian Court of Audit.

Year data was last reported

2020

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament
Other

Notes: Members of the Federal Government can be members of the Federal Council, but this is unusual. Some Provinces state in their constitution that Members of the Province’s Government cannot be a member of parliament.

Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
Click for historical data
Members for whom data is available
183
(2019)
Percentage of members of parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
Click for historical data

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No