Bangladesh

Parliament

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Jatiya Sangsad (Parliament)
Chamber name
Jatiya Sangsad (Parliament)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
5

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1972 to 1974
from 1986 to 2007
from 2009
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker

Official title
Speaker of Parliament
Speaker
Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury (Female)
Date of birth: 06 Oct 1966
Term
30 Apr 2013
Additional information

Elected on 30 Apr. 2013, re-elected on 29 Jan. 2014, on 30 Jan. 2019 and on 30 Jan. 2024.

Speaker terms

No information available

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary
Secretary General
K. M. Abdus Salam (Male)
Term
28 Jul 2021
Notes

Sworn in on 28 July 2021.

Members

Statutory number of members
350

Notes:

Indirectly elected: These seats, reserved for women, are distributed to political parties in proportion to their overall share of the votes received in the election. The candidates are approved by a vote of parliament.

In accordance with the constitutional amendment (Fifteenth Amendment Act) passed by parliament on 30 June 2011, the number of seats reserved for women in parliament has increased from 45 to 50, bringing the total number of seats to 350.

Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
300
Indirectly elected members
50
Current number of members
350
Men
280
Women
70
Percentage of women
20.0%
Population (in thousands)
169,356
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
483,874

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
Click for historical data
Youngest member
Azizul Islam (Male)
Youngest member (years)
28
Oldest member
Abdul Latif Siddique (Male)
Oldest member (years)
86
Number of members, by age (2024-01)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 1 12 10 22 75 90 66 4 0 280
Female 0 0 3 5 7 23 23 8 1 0 70
Totals per age interval 0 1 15 15 29 98 113 74 5 0 350
Total <= 45: 31 Total >= 46: 319
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
0.3% 0.3% 0.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
4.6% 4% 0.9%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
8.9% 7% 2.3%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
Yes
Women
50

Notes:

In accordance with the Constitution's Fifteenth Amendment Act approved by parliament on 30 June 2011, fifty seats are reserved for women. They will be elected by members in accordance with law on the basis of procedure of proportional representation in the Parliament through single transferable vote.

In 2018, the Seventeenth Amendment Act of the Constitution extended the provision for reserved seats for women for another 25 years starting 30 January 2019.

Sources:

https://www.idea.int/data-tools/data/gender-quotas-database/country?country=19

Article 65(3) of the Constitution of the People‌‌‍’s Republic of Bangladesh.

Electoral quota for women
No
Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No