Bangladesh

Parliament

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections.

Background

Election date(s)
07 Jan 2024
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature
30 Jan 2024
Timing of election
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections
31 Jan 2029
Number of seats at stake
300
Scope of elections
Full renewal

Candidates

Number of parties contesting the election
28
Total number of candidates
1,973
Number of male candidates
1,873
Number of female candidates
99
Number of other candidates
1
Percentage of women candidates
5.0%

Voter turnout

Registered voters
119,689,289
Voters
50,030,122
Voter turnout
41.8%

Results

About the election

The Bangladesh Awami League (AL), led by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, won a fourth consecutive term, taking 224 of the 300 seats at stake in the 350-member Parliament (see note 1). In addition, 62 independent candidates – most of them reportedly close to the AL – were elected. Opposition parties, including the AL’s main rival, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP, led by former Prime Minister Khaleda Zia), boycotted the 2024 elections (see note 2). On 11 January, President Mohammed Shahabuddin (AL) swore in Ms. Hasina as Prime Minister. On 30 January, the newly elected Parliament re-elected Ms. Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury (AL) as its Speaker for a fourth consecutive term.

The 2024 elections were marred by accusations of fraud and irregularities. In November 2023, UN experts expressed concerns over the arrests of senior opposition leaders and the arbitrary detention of thousands of political activists. On 6 January 2024, the BNP called for a 48-hour general strike and election boycott. According to the Election Commission, turnout was 41.8%, which the opposition parties said was too high. Prime Minister Hasina stated the 2024 elections were free and fair. Key electoral issues included the economy and the fairness of the election process.

Note 1:

In addition to the 300 general seats, 50 seats are reserved for women. They are distributed to political parties in proportion to their overall share of the votes received in the general election. In 2024, 20 women were also directly elected under the 300 general seats. The newly elected legislature will thus comprise 70 women out of 350 members.

Note 2:

In November 2023, the BNP said it would boycott the 2024 elections unless the Prime Minister transferred power to a non-partisan caretaker government to organize the elections. This caretaker system was abolished by constitutional amendments in 2011.

Number of parties winning seats
5
Percentage of parties winning seats
17.9%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition
74.7%
Alternation of power after elections
No

Parties or coalitions winning seats

Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political group Total
Bangladesh Awami League (AL) 224
Jatiya Party (Ershad) 11
Bangladesh Kalyan Party 1
Jatiya Samajtantric Dal (JSD) 1
Workers Party of Bangladesh 1
Independents 62
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
280
Number of women elected
20
Percentage of women elected
6.7%
Women Directly Elected
20
Women Indirectly Elected
50
Sources

New legislature

Total number of men after the election
280
Total number of women after the election
70
Percentage of women after the election
20.0%
First-term parliamentarians
96
Percentage of first-term parliamentarians
27.4%
Date of the first session
30 Jan 2024

First Speaker of the new legislature

Personal details for the first Speaker of the new legislature
Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury (Female)
Date of birth: 06 Oct 1966
Political party
Bangladesh Awami League (AL)
Date of election
30 Jan 2024

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No