Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Parlement fédéral - Federaal Parlement - Föderales Parlament (Federal Parliament)
Chamber name
Sénat - Senaat - Senat (Senate)
Structure & status of parliament
Upper chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
5

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1889
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Twelve Plus Group

Speaker

Official title
President of the Senate
Speaker
Stephanie D'Hose (Female)
Date of birth: 01 Jun 1981
Term
13 Oct 2020
Additional information

Elected on 13 Oct. 2020, re-elected on 12 Oct. 2021, on 11 Oct. 2022 and on 10 Oct. 2023.

The President is elected after each renewal and at the beginning of the parliamentary term, on the second Tuesday of October each year, for a one-year term of office. The President may be re-elected.

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General
Secretary General
Gert Van der biesen (Male)
Term
01 Apr 2016
Notes

1 April 2016 -

Members

Statutory number of members
60

Notes: Indirectly elected: 50 senators of the federal entities designated by Community and Regional Parliaments Other: 10 senators - six Dutch-speaking and four French-speaking - co-opted by the senators of the federal entities based on the election results for the House of Representatives. The Senate shall not have more than two thirds of its members of the same sex. It shall therefore be composed of at least 20 men and at least 20 women Senators.

Principal mode of designation of members
Indirectly elected
Indirectly elected members
50
Other members
10
Current number of members
60
Men
34
Women
26
Percentage of women
43.3%
Statutory number of members per country 
210
Population (in thousands)
11,611
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
55,290

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
45.5
(2019-07)
Youngest member
Adeline Blancquaert
Youngest member (years)
23
Oldest member
Jean-Paul Wahl (Male)
Oldest member (years)
63
Number of members, by age (2019-07)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 3 11 2 4 9 4 0 0 0 33
Female 0 3 8 2 5 8 1 0 0 0 27
Totals per age interval 0 6 19 4 9 17 5 0 0 0 60
Total <= 45: 29 Total >= 46: 31
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
10.0% 5.0% 5.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
41.7% 23% 18.3%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
48.3% 27% 21.7%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
Yes
Women
20
Other groups
-

Notes: Le Sénat ne peut compter plus de deux tiers de sénateurs du même sexe. Il compte donc au moins 20 hommes et 20 femmes.

Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: The Senate shall not have more than two thirds of its members of the same sex. It shall therefore be composed of at least 20 men and at least 20 women Senators.

Sources: Cf. Article 67 (7) of the Constitution stipulates that the Senate shall not have more than two thirds of its members of the same sex.

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No