Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Data on women

Information on the current and historical representation of women in the parliament. Consult the 'Elections' tab to see how women have fared in elections or renewals.

Current representation

Women's representation in the current parliament or chamber

Current number of members
60
Women
Click for historical data
Percentage of women
0.0%

Speaker

Click for historical data

Secretary general

No information available

Chairs of specialized bodies

Specialized body Theme Name Sex Age
Commission on Cross-cutting issues - Community Competences Gender equality Latifa Gahouchi Female 62

Data on age at the start of the legislature

Number of members, by age (2019-07)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 3 11 2 4 9 4 0 0 0 33
Female 0 3 8 2 5 8 1 0 0 0 27
Totals per age interval 0 6 19 4 9 17 5 0 0 0 60
Total <= 45: 29 Total >= 46: 31
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
10.0% 5.0% 5.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
41.7% 23% 18.3%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
48.3% 27% 21.7%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
Yes
Women
20
Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: The Senate shall not have more than two thirds of its members of the same sex. It shall therefore be composed of at least 20 men and at least 20 women Senators.

Sources:

https://www.idea.int/data-tools/data/gender-quotas-database/country?country=22

Article 67 (3) of the Belgian Constitution.

First woman in parliament

Year of first woman in parliament
1921

Notes: 1921: Coopted; total number from the minutes of the 21/12/1921 session

First woman speaker

Year of first woman speaker
2004

Women’s suffrage

Women’s right to vote
1919
Restricted or universal suffrage
Restricted
Detail of restrictions
Suffrage only given to widows or mothers of servicemen killed during World War One, citizens shot or killed by the enemy and women political prisoners
Women’s right to vote
1948
Restricted or universal suffrage
Universal

Notes: The Law of 27 March 1948 gave all women the right to vote under the same conditions as for men. Women voted for the first time in 1949.

Women's right to stand for election
1921
Restricted or universal
No information available

Women's caucus

Women's caucuses or parliamentary groups that bring together women parliamentarians to strengthen cooperation and amplify their voices. For other parliamentary bodies or committees that have a specific mandate to address gender equality matters, see the ‘Specialized body – Gender equality’ tab.

There is currently no women's caucus in this chamber.

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No