Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Parliamentary mandate

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
Other
Date of start of mandate for newly elected members
No information available
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
When the member is sworn in
Date of start of mandate for appointed members
No information available
End of the parliamentary mandate
Other

Notes: For category (1) senators: the term of office ends on the opening day of the first session of the parliaments of the federated entities after they have been entirely renewed. For category (2) senators: the term of offices ends on the opening day of the first session of the House of Representatives following its entire renewal. However, should the House of Representatives and the Senate be prematurely dissolved, following the adoption of a declaration of revision of the Constitution, the senators’ term of office ends on the day of the dissolution.

Date of end of mandate
No information available

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
Authority that designates the Speaker when the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State
Other

Notes: The President of the Chamber of Representatives and that of the Senate occupy the third or fourth rank, alternately, at each annual parliamentary session.

Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity
No
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures
No

Speaker terms

The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house
Yes
Speaker's term
1 Years
Fixed election date for the Speaker, if any
No information available

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Yes, except for flagrant delicto
There is a Code of conduct for members
Yes

Salaries and allowances

Members are paid salaries by parliament
Yes
(2020)
Basic salary, per year
46,814 EUR
(2021)

Notes: Only the ten co-opted Senators receive this salary, while the 50 Senators appointed by regional or community parliaments receive their basic salary (known as "senatorial allowance") in the parliament where they are elected. The basic salary of the ten co-opted senators is equivalent to half of the salary (known as “parliamentary allowance”) paid to other federal parliamentarians because the Senate is considered to be a non-permanent assembly.

Basic salary, per year in PPP
63,262
(2021)
Basic allowances
Click for historical data
Basic allowance in PPP
25,779
Names of the basic allowances

Holiday allowance: € 3,571

End-of-year bonus: € 3,000

Lump-sum compensation for official costs: 28% of the base salary, i.e. € 12,763

Members pay income tax on salaries
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances
No
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament
Yes
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances provided for leadership positions
Yes

Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work

Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian
Yes
Office at parliament
Yes
Constituency office
No
Housing
No
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work
No
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker Yes Yes
Committee Chair Yes Yes

Notes:

President of the Senate: The amount of the annual salary is variable and covers the difference in the salary of a Secretary of State and the allowances the Speaker receives as a parliamentarian.

Vice-President of the Senate, Group Leader, Member of the Bureau, or Committee Chair: Additional salary amount varies from € 1,948 to € 7,307 per year depending on the position they occupy.

In addition to this compensation, the beneficiary receives a lump-sum reimbursement for official costs of 60% of the compensation granted, which is exempt from taxes.

Salary of the Speaker
No information available
Parliament determines the amount of salaries
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount

The Bureau

Parliament determines the amount of allowances
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount

The Bureau

Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount
No information available
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale
Yes
Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries
Other

Notes: According to the Constitution (6 December 1973), all citizens are equal before the law; however the Electoral Law that was adopted as a follow up, did not recognize women's suffrage. Women were consequently not able to exercise electoral rights in the only legislative elections held in Bahrain in December 1973.

Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website

Information on salaries, allowances and the amount of allowances received by each member is available on the parliamentary website.

Year data was last reported

2020

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament
Cannot be a member of parliament
Members for whom data is available
60
(2019)

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No